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Gurtu, Trilok

Trilok Gurtu

Percussionist

Trained in Indian Music

Played with Jazz Greats

Career Blossomed in the 90s

Selected discography

Sources

Watching Trilok Gurtu perform live is a mesmerizing experience, an event that captures all the senses. Seated amid a panalopy of drums, shaker, cymbals, rattles and other indefinable sound producing objects, he moves from one to the other, wrote Don Heckman for the Los Angeles Times in 1999. Tapping the tabla drums with his fingers, stroking cymbals and bells, occasionally bashing a snare or a bass drum, he is unrestricted by style, a true world music artist. And while many link the musician to jazz based on his work touring with John McLaughlin in the 1980s and 1990s and for joining the band Oregon as Colin Walcotts replacement, Gurtu himself, musically speaking, sees the whole world as his stage.

Were just trying to say that music is one, the Indian-born percussionist extraordinaire commented to Down Beats Larry Birnbaum in 1993, upon the release of his third solo outing entitled Crazy Saints. Its not West and East anymore; its gone universal. Its possible to play with anybody, if you are open and you adapt. And when asked whether critics should classify his music as jazz fusion or world music, Gurtu replied: Its very hard to categorize not only my music but the music of anybody who is trying to do something different. I think its the experience that you have gathered from everywhere. In my experience, I gathered a lot from Africa, South India, jazz, Jimi Hendrix, Cream. I heard everything in BombayMotown, Otis Redding, Sly Stone.

For his latest album, an homage to Africa released in 2000 entitled African Fantasy, Gurtu continued to indulge in his appreciation for all forms of music and culture. African Fantasy is about Africa and India, two great nations for music, and what each has contributed to music, Gurtu, who recorded the album with his band The Glimpse, explained to Meg Dedolph of Down Beat. When I was in America, I said, Please dont forget African music. Thats why Americas on the map. Because of the funk, because of the jazz, its African. Keep that. You owe something to these people.

A three-time winner of Down Beat magazines best percussionist award, Trilok Gurtu, born on October 30, 1951, in Bombay, India, came from a long line of musicians. His fathers father was a sitar player, his mothers mother a singer and dancer. His own mother, Shobha Gurtu, a frequent guest on Gurtus later solo albums, was a prominent singer of ghazal and thunzri music, a semi-classical North Indian style. Its also based on dancing, Gurtu offered further, as quoted by Birnbaum. In India, a big part of playing the drums is how to accompany the dancer. Thats why I loved James Brown, doing all those steps.

Trained in Indian Music

Although always receptive to an array of musical forms, Gurtus earliest influences were rooted in the

For The Record

Born on October 30, 1951, in Bombay, India; son of Shobha Gurtu, a famous Indian vocalist. Education: Studied Indian classical music with Ustad Abdul Karim Khan Saheb and Ahmed Jan Thirakwa.

Started formal training in tabla at age six; discovered rock, soul, and jazz as a teen and started playing drums and other percussion instruments; toured Italy with an Indian crossover group, 197376; traveled to New York City with Indian pop singer Asha Bhoshle and began an association with saxophonist Charlie Mariano, 1977; played with various musicians in Europe, 1978c. 1979; moved to Woodstock, New York, to teach at Karl Bergers Creative Music Studio, 1980; joined jazz group Oregon, 1984; joined John McLaughlins trio, released debut album Us fret, 1988; released Crazy Saints, 1993; released African Fantasy, 2000. Worked with Archie Shepp, Jan Garbarek, Philip Catherine, Indian violinist Lakshminarayana Shankar, Gil Evans, Airto Moreira, and Paul Bley, and recorded with Catherine, Shankar, Moreira, Bley, Barre Phillips, John McLaughlin, and Oregon, among others.

Awards: Named Down Beat Magazine percussionist of the year, 1994,1995, and 1996.

Addresses: Record company Blue Thumb/MCA Records, 1755 Broadway, 8th FI., New York City, NY 10019, (212) 841-8000, website: http://www.mcarecords.com.

rhythmic rules and structures of Indian classical music. At the age of six, he began formal training in tabla, an eloquent percussion instrument that provides the pulse of the Indian musical tradition, with his initial tutor, Ustad Abdul Karim Khan Saheb. A strict disciplinarian who would give his young student a good hiding when he made mistakes, as well as reward him with gifts when he played properly, Khan Saheb nevertheless knew that Gurtu possessed magic in his fingers when in the right mood. As a youngster, Gurtu also studied with Ahmed Jan Thirakwa, and in 1965, formed a percussion group with his brother. Trilok became a kansen (one who learns music by ear) rather than Tansen, his mother said to Nandita Chowdhury of India Today Music. Whatever the gharana, whatever the music, he played on.

As for other significant influences, Gurtu likewise feels indebted to composers light years away from India, namely Bach and Mozart, who he considers the masters of accessible music. Everyones still playing their music, including jazz and pop artists, he noted to Dedolph. If you take Bach, you have the best bass lines. However accessible Bach and Mozart were to Gurtu, it was American jazz and rock and roll that really made his heart race. And when Gurtu, along with the rest of the worlds teenage population, fell under the seductive spell of the rock and soul sounds of Jimi Hendrix, James Brown, Sly and the Family Stone, and the Supremes, his traditional instruments were gradually augmented by all manner of kit drums and percussion, and he gained a reputation experimenting in the burgeoning Indian pop and jazz scenes.

When I was young, I earned money backing singers, and when I was about 16 I started working in movies. I also worked in five-star hotels; thats when I heard John Coltrane and Hendrix and everything. I came across the record Coltrane Plays The Blues, and Elvin Jones knocked me out, he recalled to Birnbaum. At 20 or 21, I went to Paris with a progressive group, Waterfront. I used to play Hendrix tunes on tabla, but nobody gave a damn. Returning to Bombay from France, Gurtu played the Jazz Yatra Festival with alto saxophonist Charlie Mariano. Charlie was the first Western musician I played with.

Played with Jazz Greats

In 1973, Gurtu toured Italy with an Indian crossover group, remaining there through 1976. In 1977, he traveled to New York City with Indian pop singer Asha Bhoshle. While in New York, he also forged a long-term association with Mariano. I loved the music and the positive competitionthat hunger and enthusiasm for musicbut I couldnt stand the one-upmanship, so I left and went to Germany, he said to Birnbaum of his stay in New York, which lasted until 1978. In Germany, Gurtu played drums and tabla for a rock group, but made little money. Thus, he relocated to Sweden to work with Don Cherry, who introduced the percussionist to the music of Ornette Coleman, the genius who invented an entire school of jazz known as the avantgarde; Cherry had played trumpet with the alto saxophonists powerhouse quartet in the 1950s. During his time in Europe, Gurtu went on to work with Archie Shepp, Jan Garbarek, Philip Catherine, Indian violinist Lakshminarayana Shankar, Gil Evans, Airto Moreira, and Paul Bley, and recorded with Catherine, Shankar, Moreira, Bley, and Barre Phillips.

After living in Europe for a year or two, Gurto returned to the United States, settling in Woodstock, New York, to teach percussion at Karl Bergers Creative Music Studio. Here, he met drummer/percussionist Jack De-Johnette, fusion guitarist Pat Metheny, percussionist Nana Vasconcelos, and a multi-instrumentalist named Collin Walcott, who studied both tabla and sitar and played with the group Oregon, a jazz-influenced world music quartet that used, among a range of instruments, Indian percussion, as well as Eastern modalities and compositions derived from classical forms. Walcott, after meeting the young percussionist, casually mentioned to his bandmates one day that should he ever leave the band, Gurtu would make a fine replacement, and when Walcott died in 1984 car accident, his suggestion by coincidence eerily came true. People are still moved by that, Gurtu revealed to Birnbaum.

However, walking in Walcotts shadow amid questions by friends and fans surrounding the strange chain of events grew tiring as time passed. Thus, when English guitarist John Mclaughlin, having seen Gurtu perform at a jazz festival once in Germany, asked the percussionist to join his trio in 1988, Gurtu immediately accepted the invitation, leaving Oregon soon thereafter. Joining McLaughlin also coincided with the release of Gurtus first solo album, 1988s Usfret, an open-ended sessionwith parts written for percussion onlyrecorded with his mother, Cherry, Shankar, guitarist/multi-instrumentalist Ralph Towner, Jonas Hellborg, and pianist Daniel Goyone, who Gurtu regards as his musical brother. A second, more structured album, Living Magic, arrived in 1991, featuring Vasconcelos on percussion, Goyone on keyboards, and stellar saxophone by Jan Garbarek.

Career Blossomed in the 90s

In 1993, Gurtu released his acclaimed Crazy Saints, for which the percussionist recruited Metheny and Austrian keyboardist Joe Zawinul, as well as his mother. The following year, his rising status in jazz was confirmed in 1994, the year he won his first of three consecutive Down Beat poll awards for number-one percussionist. The next year, Gurtu returned with Believe, followed by Bad Habits Die Hard in 1996 and The Glimpse, a tribute to Cherry and his role in exploring world music, in 1997. In 1999, Cherrys daughter, Neneh, guested on Gurtus Kathak, a collection of mostly original compositions that drifts easily, yet convincingly, across various cultural boundaries.

With the release in 2000 of African Fantasy, Gurtu paid tribute to the music of Africa and its danceable quality, an important element he sees as lacking in jazz today. The dance feeling in jazz is gone, the swing. Its getting very intellectual, he insisted, as quoted by Dedolph. Everybody plays like somebody, but nobody plays like himself. Im an outsider watching this, not a jazz historian or an American who grew up around jazz. Its too tricky and everyone wants to show their chops, wants to show their technique. Jazz is about listening, not about watching technique. I feel that jazz is very African and should remain like that. Like blues, its danceable, and . . . wow . . . its African!

In the late 1990s and into the next decade, samples of Gurtus music began to show up in dance mixes in clubs throughout the world, but the percussionist doesnt mind sharing his work, even with those who most likely dont consider themselves jazz or world music fans. For me its a privilege, he said to Dedolph, though he asks DJs and producers to respect what they choose to sample. If youre going to use Indian music, use it properly, he added. Keep the integrity, dont make it el cheapo

As the third decade of his accomplished career approached, Gurtu, who says that Americansa culture always open to new ideas in musicseem to understand his sensibilities the most, held strong to his creative goals. You know, he told Heckman, my first nameTrilokmeans King of the Three Worlds, basically, that is, your body, your consciousness and the beyond. And I try to find that kind of integration in my music. Because, even with the most difficult things, if you can make them simple, they will reach a big audience. Everybody should like what you do. Thats my view. I dont try to play high flown, I dont try to be complicated just to be complicated. I just try to touch my listeners with my music.

Selected discography

Usfret, CMP Records, 1988.

Living Magic, CMP Records, 1991.

Crazy Saints, CMP Records, 1993.

Believe, CMP Records, 1995.

Bad Habits Die Hard, CMP Records, 1996.

The Glimpse, Silva America, 1997.

Kathak, Mintaka, 1999.

African Fantasy, Blue Thumb Records, 2000.

Sources

Periodicals

Down Beat, March 1993; January 1994; December 1997; April 2000, pp. 43-47.

India Today Music, December 15, 1997.

Los Angeles Times, September 6, 1996; September 2, 1999.

Online

Europe Jazz NetworkTrilock Gurtu, http://www.ejn.it/mus/gurtu.htm (May 15,2000).

Sonicnet.com, http://www.sonicnet.com (May 15,2000).

Laura Hightower

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