Skip to main content

Barber, Patricia

Patricia Barber

Pianist, singer, songwriter

For the Record

Selected discography

Sources

Chicago-based musician Patricia Barber possesses all the qualities of a well-rounded artist: in addition to being an accomplished pianist, she adds new dimensions to jazz standards with her hypnotic, eclectic voice, writes equally memorable original compositions, and explores improvisational music. Moreover, fearing that her work would sound too computerized and processed, she has resisted the temptation to sign more lucrative recording contracts. Instead, she remained with Premonition Records, a label that awarded her complete artistic control. Indeed, her discographyfrom A Distortion of Love through Verse is highly regarded by both American and European critics.

Conducting her career in her adopted hometown of Chicago, rather than fighting the music-industry scenes in New York or Los Angeles, allows her, she says, to concentrate on her music rather than on fitting in. Barber still plays regularly at her unofficial headquarters, the Green Milla small but chic downtown nightclub. In places like New York and L.A., you start second-guessing yourself too soon, she told Lloyd Sachs in a Los Angeles Times interview. You ask yourself, am I hip enough to be here? Is this whats gonna get me attention? In Chicago, you dont have that. The music develops in rather an unfettered way.

Barber is also one of the few openly gay women in jazz music (her partner, musicologist Martha Feldman, is an associate professor at the University of Chicago). According to Barber, her sexual orientation did not prevent her from gaining the respect and admiration of the jazz world. I have problems with womens groups and gay groups for saying this, but I have never personally felt discriminated against, either for being a woman or being gay, she said in a 2002 New York Times interview with Terry Teachout. Sometimes thats not a popular thing to say, but in my case its the truth.

Barber was born in 1955 in a Chicago suburb. Her father, Floyd Shin Barber, also a musician, played saxophone with the likes of Glenn Miller, but later took a job as a pharmacist to better support his family. Unfortunately, he died when Barber was only nine. Against her mothers wishes, Barber pursued a musical career to live out her fathers dreams. Jazz is such a difficult lifestylethe late nights, the smoke, the insecurity, the lack of health insuranceand I wanted to be a nice middle-class girl, she told Teachout. My father was a musician, and he died an alcoholic, and my mother was afraid that something bad would happen to me, too. I was going to go to law school, medical school, anything other than music, and finally I called my mother during my senior year in college and said: Mom, Im going to be a jazz musician. I cant help it. And she cried. She cried. She was just afraid. And so was I. Its only been very, very recently that I havent almost hated what I was doing.

Returning to Chicago after earning a degree in both classical piano and psychology from the University of

For the Record

Born in 1955 near Chicago IL; daughter of Floyd Shin Barber (a jazz saxophonist). Education: Degree in classical piano and psychology, University of Iowa; masters degree in jazz pedagogy, Northwestern University.

Began playing professionally, 1984; self-produced and self-released debut album, Split, 1989; released A Distortion of Love, 1992; signed with Premonition Records, released Café Blue, 1994; Modern Cool, 1998; Companion, a live album recorded at the Green Mill, 1999; Nightclub, 2000; released all-original album Verse, 2002.

Addresses: Record company Premonition Records, P.O. Box 477621, Chicago, IL 60647, phone: (800) 457-1374, website: http://www.premonitionrecords.com. Management Spire Artist Management, 513 Olive St., New Orleans, LA 70114. Booking Ted Kurland Associates, 173 Brighton Ave., Boston, MA 02134. Website Patricia Barber Official Website: http://www.patriciabarber.com.

Iowa (she later completed her masters degree in jazz pedagogy at Northwestern University), Barber focused completely on music. In 1984 she started performing regular gigs at Chicagos Gold Star Sardine Bar, in spite of her self-professed stage fright, and quickly picked up fans. Her debut album entitled Split, both self-produced and self-released, appeared a few years later in 1989. That same year she played her first North Sea Jazz Festival in Europe and has been a participant ever since.

Barbers unique personal style was displayed with the release of her second album, 1992s A Distortion of Love. Recorded with bassist Marc Johnson, drummer Adam Nussbaum, and guitarist Wolfgang Muthspiel, it featured eclectic versions of Summertime, You Stepped Out of a Dream, and the Smokey Robinson number My Girl, as well as avant-garde instrumental pieces. The record won favorable reviews from critics and attracted the attention of major record labels. Barber ultimately picked Premonition Records, forgoing the biggest offers to maintain control of her work.

She debuted on Premonition in 1994 with Café Blue, backed by Michael Arnopol on bass, John McLean on guitar, and Mark Walker on drums and percussion. The album contained both standards and original compositions, including Mourning Grace, whose lyrics were borrowed from the poetry of Maya Angelou, and Wood Is a Pleasant Thing to Think About, inspired by the words of Virginia Woolf. It, too, proved a critical favorite.

Barber returned with Modern Cool in 1998, joined by the same band from Café Blue, with the addition of trumpeter Dave Douglas. She again featured both originals and unexpected covers, such as Paul Ankas Shes a Lady (Tom Joness hit), and the Doors Light My Fire. Notable originals include the love song Silent Partner, and Company, a tongue-in-cheek commentary on the trendiness of modem society. In his review for the Los Angeles Times, Bill Kohlhaase called Barber, the coolest singer-songwriter around, easily outdistancing such lounge-scene hipsters as Holly Cole, in both taste and intelligence.

Barbers fifth album, Companion, was released in late 1999 as a companion to her previous album. A live recording made earlier in the year at Barbers home base, the Green Mill in Chicago, with Barber on vocals, piano, and organ, her backing band consisted of McLean, Arnopol, drummer/percussionist Eric Montzka, percussionist Ruben P. Alvarez, and vocalist Jason Narducy. Standouts from this album include Sonny Bonos The Beat Goes On, Bill Withers Use Me, and Carlos Santanas Black Magic Woman. Nightclub, an album of standards recorded with guitarist Charlie Hunter, drummer Adam Cruz, and bassist Marc Johnson, appeared the following year.

In 2002 Barber released Verse, recorded with Douglas, guitarist Neal Alger, and bassist Cliff Colnot. The album represents her first set of all-original material. Verse is about songwriting, she noted in her official website, and about trying to create new material within both a narrow and broad construction of what vocal jazz is now. I have been diligent about trying to learn from, and absorb, and acknowledge the great American songwriters whose songs have been appropriated as repertoire by the jazz masters. And yet, we are all a product of our time, and there are definite aspects of alternative pop music and contemporary classical music on this recording as well.

With Verse Barber pays tribute to a range of influential songwriters, among them Cole Porter (one of her most significant inspirations), George Gershwin, Mose Allison, Rogers and Hart, Joni Mitchell, Antonio Carlos Jobim, and Sting. Critics unanimously agreed that the album displayed her considerable range. She shows her humorous side on tracks such as You Gotta Go Home and I Could Eat Your Words, examines love and romance with Regular Pleasures, and borrows lyrics from French symbolist poet Paul Verlaine on Dansons la gigue.

Selected discography

Split, Floyd, 1989.

A Distortion of Love, Antilles, 1992.

Café Blue, Premonition, 1994.

Modern Cool, Premonition, 1998.

Companion, Premonition, 1999.

Nightclub, Premonition, 2000.

Verse, Premonition, 2002.

Sources

Books

Swenson, John, editor, Rolling Stone Jazz & Blues Album Guide, Random House, 1999.

Periodicals

Billboard, June 20, 1998; September 16, 2000.

Boston Globe, February 20, 1999; September 29, 2000; October 6, 2000; March 8, 2001.

Chicago Tribune, August 27, 2002; August 31, 2002.

Dallas Morning News, September 28, 2001.

Down Beat, December 1994; September 1998; January 1999; February 2000; January 2001; May 2001.

Jazz Review, September 2002.

Los Angeles Times, December 17, 1994; January 1, 1995; July 5, 1998; November 13, 1998; August 15, 1999; January 17, 2000; June 6, 2001; August 25, 2002.

New York Times, February 12, 1999; February 13, 1999; October 16, 2000; June 23, 2002.

Time, October 30, 2002.

Washington Post, February 12, 1999; February 17, 1999; May 13, 2002; August 28, 2002.

Online

All About Jazz, http://www.allaboutjazz.com (September 9, 2002).

Patricia Barber Official Website, http://www.patriciabarber.com (September 9, 2002).

Laura Hightower

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Barber, Patricia." Contemporary Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. 13 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Barber, Patricia." Contemporary Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 13, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/barber-patricia

"Barber, Patricia." Contemporary Musicians. . Retrieved December 13, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/barber-patricia

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.