Skip to main content

Yorke, Francis Reginald Stevens

Yorke, Francis Reginald Stevens (1906–62). English architect. He was one of a handful devoted to the Modern Movement in England in the 1930s (he was a founder of the MARS Group (1932) and his use (from 1933) of reinforced concrete testified to his Modernist credentials). He became well known with The Modern House (1934) that publicized Continental International Modernism. With A. Adam, W. Holford, and G. Stephenson he designed (1933) a pair of houses (conventional in plan but conforming in image to the paradigms promoted at the Weissenhofsiedlung of 1927) for the Modern Homes Exhibition at Gidea Park, East London (held 1934), and in 1935 built a more sophisticated house with reinforced concrete at Nast Hyde, Hatfield, Herts. (destroyed 1980s). In the same year he formed a partnership that lasted until 1938 with the former Bauhaus teacher, Breuer, designing an exhibition house for the Royal Show, Bristol (1936), and Sea Lane House, East Preston, Sussex (1937—in the International Modern style, with pilotis). With another emigré, Arthur Korn, he built some flats in Camberwell, London (1940). He published The Modern House in England (1937), The Modern Flat (1937—with Gibberd), A Key to Modern Architecture (1939—with Colin Troughton Penn (1907–97) ), and The New Small House (1951 and 1954—with Penelope Muriel Wesbrough Whiting (1918– )) all of which were immensely influential and had a powerful effect on British architecture after 1945.

In 1944 he entered into partnership with Eugene Rosenberg and Cyril Sjöström Mardall (1909–94), forming one of the most successful practices in England after the 1939–45 war as Yorke, Rosenberg, Mardall (YRM). Their many schools (e.g. Barclay Secondary, Stevenage, Herts.—1950), housing-schemes, factories (e.g. Sigmund Pumps, Gateshead, Co. Durham—1948), offices, and hospitals were fairly typical of architecture in Britain in the 1950s and 1960s, but with their own offices at Greystoke Place, London (1960–1), St Thomas's Hospital, London (from 1966), and University of Warwick (also 1960s) they introduced an architecture clad in white tiles. At Gatwick Airport (from 1967) a style reminiscent to that of Mies van der Rohe was chosen.


Kalman (1994);
Melvin (2003);
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004);
Powers (1992);
van Vynckt (ed.) (1993);
F. Yorke (1947, 1951);
F. Yorke & and Penn (1959);
F. Yorke & and Whiting (1954);
Yorke, Robertson, and Muthesius (1972);

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Yorke, Francis Reginald Stevens." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . 24 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Yorke, Francis Reginald Stevens." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . (April 24, 2019).

"Yorke, Francis Reginald Stevens." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved April 24, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.