Turning Point

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660. Turning Point

  1. Alamogordo site of first A-bomb explosion; heralded atomic age (1945). [Am. Hist.: Flexner, 11]
  2. Barbarossa disastrous invasion of Russia; sealed Nazi fate (19411943). [Eur. Hist.: Hitler, 888921, 922955]
  3. Caesar crosses Rubicon defying Roman law, Caesar moves to consolidate power (49 B.C.). [Rom. Hist.: EB, 3: 575580]
  4. Cannonade of Valmy dawn of modern warfare (1792). [Eur. Hist.: Fuller, II, 346369]
  5. Crécy first European use of gunpowder (by British) in battle (1346). [Eur. Hist.: Bishop, 382385]
  6. D-Day Allied invasion of France during WWII (June 6, 1944). [Eur. Hist.: Fuller, III, 562567]
  7. El Alamein Desert Fox outfoxed; Allies gained upper hand (1943). [Eur. Hist.: Fuller, III, 494502]
  8. Fall of Constantinople associated with end of Middle Ages (1453). [Eur. Hist.: Bishop, 398]
  9. Gettysburg, Battle of the deathblow of the Confederacy (1863). [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 199]
  10. Golden Spurs, Battle of early victory of infantry over mounted knights (1302). [Eur. Hist.: EB, IV: 608]
  11. Hastings, Battle of Norman conquest; last successful invasion of Britain (1066). [Br. Hist.: Harbottle, 107]
  12. Khe Sanh savage siege marks turning point in Vietnam (1968). [Am. Hist.: Van Doren, 620]
  13. Magna Charta beginning of British democratic system (1215). [Br. Hist.: Bishop, 4952, 213]
  14. Marston Moor deciding battle of British Civil War (1644). [Br. Hist.: Harbottle, 154]
  15. Midway decisive American victory over Japanese in WWII (1942). [Am. Hist.: Fuller, III, 470477]
  16. Moon Landing astronauts Armstrong and Aldrin make history (1969). [Am. Hist.: NCE, 25792581]
  17. 95 Theses Martin Luther presented his theses at Wittenberg (1517). [Eur. Hist.: EB, 11: 188196]
  18. Origin of Species Darwins revolutionary theory of human evolution (1859). [Science: NCE, 721722]
  19. Spanish Armada Britain supplanted Spain as master of the sea. [Br. Hist.: Harbottle, 19]
  20. Tours Arab onslaught halted by Franks under Charles Martel (732). [Eur. Hist.: Bishop, 19]
  21. theory of relativity Einsteins contribution to the space-time relationship. [Science: NCE, 843844]

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