Teulon, Samuel Sanders

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Teulon, Samuel Sanders (1812–73). English High Victorian Gothic Revival architect of French Huguenot descent. He commenced practice in 1838 and designed a very large number of startlingly original churches and other buildings. His masterpiece was St Ste-phen's, Rosslyn Hill, Hampstead, London (1868–71), with a polychrome brick interior, powerful roof construction, and a general inventiveness that won admiration from Eastlake, no less. Ingenious too is St Mary's, St Mary's Road, Ealing, London (1866–74), with an elephantine tower and a galleried interior incorporating a riotously complex roof structure. More serene and impressive are St James, Leckhampstead, Berks. (1858–60), and St John the Baptist, Huntley, Glos. (1861–3), with its fine polychrome interior. Of his great houses, Tortworth Court, Gloucestershire (1849–53), and the wildly exuberant Shadwell Park, Norfolk (1856–60), deserve especial mention. Interested in model estate cottages, he designed more than a hundred at Thorney, near Peterborough (1843–63— many of which have been ruined by the insertion of inappropriate modern windows), and other examples may be found elsewhere, e.g. at Sunk Island, Yorks. (1855–7). Teulon is regarded as a Rogue Goth. For the last five months of his life he was insane, probably the effects of syphilis. His brother, William Milford Teulon (1823–1900), also an architect, founded the City Church and Churchyard Protection Society.


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D&M (1985);
Eastlake (1970);
Goodhart-Rendel (1949);
S.M (1972);
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004);
M. Saunders (1982);
Jane Turner (1996);
Teulon (2000)