Skip to main content

Speeth, Peter

Speeth, Peter (1772–1831). German architect. He worked under Pigage at Frankfurt (1788–94), and from 1804 at Amorbach for the Prince of Leiningen before moving to Würzburg, then the capital of the ephemeral (1806–14) Grand Duchy of the Rhenish Confederation under Ferdinand III of Tuscany (1769–1824). In Würzburg Speeth designed the St Burkhardt Gaol (1811, built 1826–7), originally the Guards Barracks, one of the most radical and startling works of Franco-German Neo-Classicism, standing below the slopes rising to the impressive Marienberg fortress of the Prince-Bishops. It has a rusticated base of immensely impressive power punctuated by three semicircular arches, and above the central entrance-arch is a colonnade of primitive unfluted Greek Doric columns set within a Graeco-Egyptian battered element with a plain pediment over it. The blank wall above, the over-scaled lion's mask, and the curiously forbidding character of the building give it tremendous authority as an example of architecture parlante. Speeth designed the Zellertor Guard House (c.1813–14) in Würzburg, also featuring rustication and baseless Doric, and looking rather like one of Ledoux's barrières for Paris. His Gerichtsdienerhaus (House of the Court Usher), 9 Turmgasse, Würzburg (1811–13—but much altered), was conceived as an Egyptian pylon-tower in shallow relief, with powerful rustication at the bottom and highly original fenestration. He also designed the Church of St John the Baptist, Unterhohenried, near Hassfurt (1812–17), and the Metropolitan Church, Kishinev, Russia (begun 1826).

Bibliography

Nerdinger (ed.) (1980);
Placzek (ed.) (1982);
W&M (1987)

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Speeth, Peter." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 11 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Speeth, Peter." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 11, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/speeth-peter

"Speeth, Peter." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved December 11, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/speeth-peter

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.