Sert i López, Josep Lluís

Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article Share Article
views updated

Sert i López, Josep Lluís (1902–83). American architect of Catalan birth. He worked with Le Corbusier and Jeanneret-Gris (1929–32) before returning to Barcelona, where he built several structures, including an apartment-block (1931) and other works. He was involved in the organization of local groups associated with CIAM, and designed the Spanish Pavilion at the Paris Exposition (1937—demol-ished) in the International Modern style (the Guernica of Pablo Picasso (1881–1973) was commissioned for this building). He settled in the USA in 1939 where he worked on numerous town-planning schemes (mostly in Latin America) using Le Corbusier's principles. Through the influence of Gropius he was appointed Dean of the Faculty of the Graduate School of Design and Chairman and Professor of Architecture at Harvard (1953–69), founded a successful architectural practice in Cambridge, MA, in 1955, and designed numerous buildings, including the Peabody Housing, Harvard (1963–5). He was responsible for the US Embassy, Baghdad, Iraq (1955–8), the Museum (Fondation Maeght) at St-Paul-de-Vence, Nice, France (1959–64), the Carmelite Convent, Cluny, France (1968–9), and the Miró Foundation Building, Barcelona (1972–5).

Bibliography

Borrás (ed.) (1975a);
X. Costa et al. (eds.) (1997);
Kalman (1994);
J. Freixa (ed.) (1979);
Mannino & and Paricio (1983);
Rovira (2004);
Sert (1997);
van Vynckt (ed.) (1993)