After the Fall of France in 1940 the two men went their separate ways, not least because the authoritarian Le Corbusier had strong affinities with, and leanings towards, the pro-Nazi Vichy regime. Jeanneret-Gris established an office in Grenoble where (with Prouvé and others) he designed prefabricated systems for housing. He returned to Paris in 1944, and designed (1946–7—unrealized) a large apartment-building which anticipated Le Corbusier's Unités d'Habitation, although the apartments were planned to permit more daylight to enter the interior than Le Corbusier was able to achieve. However, his collaboration with Le Corbusier was re-established when he began to work with him, Fry, and Drew (1951) on plans for a new capital of the Punjab at Chandigarh, India, and supervised the construction of the monumental designs by Le Corbusier, including the Supreme Court. He himself designed numerous buildings there, including hospitals, housing, offices, schools, and shops, as well as the grander State Library, City Hall, Governor's Palace, and much else, often working with Indian colleagues. From 1961 he worked on the new University of the Punjab. In particular, he experimented with non-mechanical methods of environmental control.
Jeanneret-Gris's achievements have been obscured by those of Le Corbusier, who was the more charismatic publicist, but it is clear that he was of enormous importance in the genesis of the paradigms with which the name of Le Corbusier is solely and unfairly associated in the popular mind.
Bulletin d'information architecturales, cxiv (1987);
Design, viii/9 (1964), 17–24;
Jeanneret-Gris & and Jeanneret (1999);
Progressive Architecture, xlv/2 (1964), 148–53;
A. Roth (1977);
Werk , lv/6 (1968), 377–96; see also Further Reading after the entry on Le Corbusier.
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