Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article
roof-garden. Plants within buildings (e.g. in courts or pots) have been features of architecture since Antiquity: after all, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon were numbered among the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, but they were probably formed on terraces. However, we do not know enough about them to establish if they were true roof-gardens. The Romans, with their techniques of massive concrete construction, were able to have gardens on buildings (i.e. on terraces and roofs), and some of the more complex Renaissance villas were closely integrated into gardens, grottoes, terraces, etc. Gardens on the roofs of buildings became part of the imagery of the Modern Movement, notably in the drawings of Le Corbusier, and their creation became possible again with the development of reinforcedconcrete technology. At 101–111 Kensington High Street, London, a remarkable roof-garden was created (1937–8—one of the first in England) at the former Derry & Toms department store (1929–31—in a stripped Beaux-Arts Classical style): the building was designed by Bernard George (1894–1964). Also in the 1930s Burle Marx designed roof-gardens, notably at the Ministry of Education and Health Building, Rio de Janeiro (1936–43—by Costa, with Le Corbusier as consultant). During the second half of C20 roof-gardens proliferated (e.g. at the Oakland Museum, CA (by Kiley), in the late 1960s, and at Affleck's Place Bonaventure, Montréal, Canada (by Masao Kinoshita of Sasaki Associates—1967–8) ).
More From encyclopedia.com
Nathaniel Lord Britton , Britton, Nathaniel Lord (b. Staten Island, New York, 15 January 1859; d. New York, N. Y., 25 June 1934) botany. Britton was educated at the School of… Ibadan , Ibadan •Abaddon, gladden, gladdon, Ibadan, madden, sadden •abandon, Brandon, Rwandan, Ugandan •Baden, Baden-Baden, Coloradan, garden, harden, lardon,… Garden , garden, land set aside for the cultivation of flowers, herbs, vegetables, or small fruits, for either utility or ornament. Gardens range in size from… Alexander Garden , Alexander Garden (1730?-1791) Source Naturalist Origins. To a student of natural science born and raised in cold and rugged Scotland the lush forests… Garden City , garden city, an ideal, self-contained community of predetermined area and population surrounded by a greenbelt. As formulated by Sir Ebenezer Howard,… Andre Le Notre , The French landscape architect André Le Nôtre (1613-1700), or Le Nostre, gave to the art of the formal garden its most monumental and definitive expr…