Skip to main content

Hardy, Hugh Gelston

Hardy, Hugh Gelston (1932– ). American architect, he formed Hardy Holzman Pfeiffer Associated (HHPA) with Malcolm Holzman (1940– ) and Norman Henry Pfeiffer (1940– ) in NYC (1967). The firm's work includes the Olmsted Theater, Adelphi University, Garden City, NY (1974), the addition to the University of Toledo Performing Arts Center, Toledo, OH (1967), the Columbus Occupational Health Center, Columbus, IN (1973), the renovation of the Art Museum, St Louis, MO (1977), the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (1987–91), the Hult Center for the Performing Arts, Eugene, OR (1978–82), and the Boettcher Concert Hall, Denver, CO (1978–9). HHPA also became known for its use of familiar roadside structures, signs, and collages. The bunker-like WCCO-TV building, Minneapolis, MN (1983), is an example of their work.

Bibliography

Arena, lxx/2 (1981), 40–9;
Kalman (1994);
Graff (ed.) (1993);
D. Waters et al. (1999)

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Hardy, Hugh Gelston." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Hardy, Hugh Gelston." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 15, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/hardy-hugh-gelston

"Hardy, Hugh Gelston." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved December 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/hardy-hugh-gelston

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.