Greece and Greeks
190. Greece and Greeks
See also 18. ANTIQUITY .
- the style and theories of the Greek writers of Alexandria, 325-30 B.C., whose style was highly ornamented and obscure and favored such forms as the elegy, epigram, epyllion, and lyric and also ventured into the drama. —Alexandrianist, n., adj.
- one of the nine magistrates in ancient Athens, chosen from the leading families to oversee the civil and religious life of the city.
- the language and style typical of Athens and Attica, particularly in reference to a polished, elegant, and concise rhetorical style. —Atticist, n.
- Ancient Greece. a choral chant of a wild and abandoned nature; hence, any poem or similar composition of this nature, especially one of irregular form. —dithyrambic, adj.
- Ancient Greece. the process whereby candidates for office or citi-zenship were judicially reviewed. See also 270. METALS .
- Ancient Greece. the territory governed by an eparch or governor. See also 135. EASTERN ORTHODOXY .
- the pronunciation of the Greek letter η (eta), like the a in late.
- Grecism, Graecism
- 1. the spirit of Greek thought, art, etc., and the adoption or imitation of this spirit.
- 2. anything typical of Greek language, art, thought, etc.
- Grecomania, Graecomania
- an obsession with Ancient Greece and Greeks.
- 1. the culture and ideals of the ancient Greeks.
- 2. the use of a Greek idiom in writing in another language.
- 3. the adoption or imitation of ancient Greek language, thought, art, or customs. —Hellenist, n.
- a classicist whose specialization or preference is for Greek language and culture.
- a female companion or paramour of ancient Greece, a sort of professional prostitute.
- a garment composed of a rectangular piece of cloth, thrown over the left shoulder and draped around the body, as worn in ancient Greece.
- 1. the study of the poet Homer.
- 2. the study of the Homeric poems, especially of their authorship and dates.
- 1. Architecture, use or imitation of the Ionic order in construction or decoration.
- 2. the culture and ideals of ancient Ionia and the Ionians.
- 3. an Ionian idiom appearing in the midst of material in another language or in the dialect of Athens (Attic). Also Ionism.
- in ancient Athens, the granting of some of the rights of Athenian citizenship to noncitizens.
- Ancient Greece. a race in honor of Prometheus in which the contestants ran bearing lit torches, the winner being the first to finish with his torch still lit. Also called lampadrome. lampadephoria.
- a contestant in a lampadedromy. Also called lampadephore, lampadophoros.
- Ancient Greece. a foreigner or a resident alien.
- Ancient Greece. the commander of ten thousand men or soldiers.
- 1. the idea of a union of all Greeks in a single political body.
- 2. advocacy of the idea of such a union. —Panhellenist, n. —Panhellenic, adj.
- a habit of friendship or support for the Greeks. —Philhellenist, n. —Philhellenic, adj.
- 1. a subdivision of an ancient Greek tribe or phyle.
- 2. a clan or other unit of a primitive tribe.
- a decree made by an ancient assembly such as the ecclesia of Athens.
- Ancient Greece. the master of a feast or symposium; hence, a person presiding over a banquet or formal discussion.
- Ancient Greece. fellowship or brotherhood bound by solemn oath.
- 1. the ancient Greek system in which a number of citizens were given the responsibility of equipping a trireme.
- 2. the position of one of the appointed citizens, or syntrierarchs. —syntrierarch, n.
- the practice or custom, as among the ancient Spartans and Cretans, of eating the main meal of the day together in public to strengthen social and political bonds.
- Ancient Greece. a military commander of a taxis, or division of troops.
- the absolute rule of the Athenian democracy, exercised in the course of mass meetings in the theater.
- Ancient Greece. a custom of hospitality, specifically the giving of presents to guests or strangers, especially foreign ambassadors. —xenial, adj.
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