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chaînes. Masonry pier-like elements on a façade, sometimes with parallel sides, and sometimes with alternating wide and narrow blocks (like the normal arrangement of quoins), subdividing a façade into panels of brick. Common in C17 French architecture, good examples exist in the Place des Vosges, Paris (early C17). In England they were alluded to in the vertical strips of brickwork differing from the colours of the panels between that became fashionable from the time of Wren, common in architecture of the Queen Anne period and its C19 revival.