Skip to main content

Chair Test

Chair Test

A parapsychology test in which a chair number is chosen randomly from a seating plan for a future meeting at which seats are not reserved or allocated to specific individuals. The person who is being tested attempts to describe the appearance, characteristics, or other details of the individual who will later attend the meeting and occupy the chair. The Dutch sensitive Gerard Croiset appears to have had remarkable success with this type of clairvoyant precognition, which also had been earlier demonstrated by the French psychic Pascal Forthuny.


Pollack, Jack Harrison. Croiset the Clairvoyant. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1964. Reprint, New York: Bantam Books, 1965.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Chair Test." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . 19 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Chair Test." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . (January 19, 2019).

"Chair Test." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Retrieved January 19, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.