marcasite

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marcasite Mineral, FeS2; sp. gr. 4.8–4.9; hardness 6.0–6.5; orthorhombic; pale bronze-yellow; greyish-black streak; metallic lustre; crystals tabular and spear-like, but it is also massive, stalactitic, and radiating; cleavage {101}; occurs in low-temperature mineral veins together with zinc and lead ores, and in sedimentary rocks, especially limestone, chalk, and clay. It has been used in the production of sulphuric acid. Compare PYRITE.

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mar·ca·site / ˈmärkəˌsīt/ • n. a semiprecious stone consisting of pyrite. ∎  a bronze-yellow mineral consisting of iron disulfide but differing from pyrite in typically forming aggregates of tabular crystals. ∎  a piece of polished steel or a similar metal cut as a gem.

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marcasite (mär´kəsīt) or white iron pyrites, a mineral closely resembling and having the same chemical composition (FeS2) as pyrite. It differs from pyrite in that it is paler in color, becomes darker upon oxidation, and crystallizes in the orthorhombic system. Twinned crystals resembling cockscombs (cockscomb pyrites) or spearheads (spear pyrites) are of common occurrence. The mineral occurs in marls, clays, and limestones in many parts of the world.

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marcasite XV. — medL. marcasīta — Arab. marḳašīṯā — Pers. marḳašīšā; assoc. with -ITE.