Skip to main content
Select Source:

vicariance biogeography

vicariance biogeography A school of biogeographical thought, derived from Croizat's panbiogeography. Supporters of this school maintain that the distribution of organisms depends on their normal means of dispersal; e.g., disjunctions are explicable in terms of new barriers (rivers, rises in sea-level, etc.) having split formerly continuous ranges, rather than in terms of the organisms hopping over already existing barriers. Thus, they reject sweepstake routes and similar concepts, postulating instead former land bridges and even vanished continents where there is sufficient coincident plant and animal distribution.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"vicariance biogeography." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Apr. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"vicariance biogeography." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 23, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/vicariance-biogeography-0

"vicariance biogeography." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Retrieved April 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/vicariance-biogeography-0

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

vicariance biogeography

vicariance biogeography A school of biogeographical thought, derived from panbiogeography, whose supporters maintain that the distribution of organisms depends on their normal means of dispersal (e.g. disjunctions are explicable in terms of new barriers (rivers, rises in sea level, etc.) having split formerly continuous ranges, rather than in terms of the organisms hopping over already existing barriers). Thus they reject sweepstakes routes and similar concepts, postulating instead former land bridges and even vanished continents where there is sufficient coincident plant and animal distribution.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"vicariance biogeography." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Apr. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"vicariance biogeography." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 23, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/vicariance-biogeography-1

"vicariance biogeography." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved April 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/vicariance-biogeography-1

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

vicariance biogeography

vicariance biogeography A school of biogeographical thought, derived from panbiogeography, whose supporters maintain that the distribution of organisms depends on their normal means of dispersal (e.g. disjunctions are explicable in terms of new barriers (rivers, rises in sea level, etc.) having split formerly continuous ranges, rather than in terms of the organisms hopping over already existing barriers). Thus they reject sweepstake routes and similar concepts, postulating instead former land bridges and even vanished continents where there is sufficient coincident plant and animal distribution.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"vicariance biogeography." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Apr. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"vicariance biogeography." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 23, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/vicariance-biogeography

"vicariance biogeography." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Retrieved April 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/vicariance-biogeography

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.