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panbiogeography

panbiogeography The name given to a synthesis of the sciences of plant and animal distribution. The main features are that consistencies recur in distribution patterns and that analysis of these produces ‘tracks’ (joining areas of common floras and faunas) and ‘nodes’ (where different tracks meet). The name, and the associated method of analysis, are due to the Venezuelan botanist Leon Croizat. These ideas form the basis of the new school of vicariance biogeography.

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panbiogeography

panbiogeography A term coined in 1962 by L. Croizat to describe a synthesis of the sciences of plant and animal distribution. The main features are that consistencies recur in distribution patterns and that analysis of these produces ‘tracks’ (joining areas of common floras and faunas) and ‘nodes’ (where different tracks meet). These ideas form the basis of the new school of vicariance biogeography.

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"panbiogeography." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. 11 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"panbiogeography." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 11, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/panbiogeography

"panbiogeography." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Retrieved December 11, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/panbiogeography

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panbiogeography

panbiogeography A term coined by L. Croizat to describe a new synthesis of the sciences of plant and animal distribution. The main features are that consistencies recur in distribution patterns and that analysis of these produces ‘tracks’ (joining areas of common floras and faunas) and ‘nodes’ (where different tracks meet). These ideas form the basis of the new school of vicariance biogeography.

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"panbiogeography." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 11 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"panbiogeography." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 11, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/panbiogeography-0

"panbiogeography." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Retrieved December 11, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/panbiogeography-0

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Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

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The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
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