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vice- repr. L. vice in place of (see prec.), which, prop. construed with a genitive, was prefixed immed. to a nominative in late L., e.g. vice-quæstor, and so used widely in medL. The oldest Eng. exx., of which vice-chancellor (XV) is the earliest, show the prefix in the OF. forms vi(s)-, which were later repl. by the L. form, except in viscount.