Skip to main content

cholangiography

cholangiography (kol-anji-og-răfi) n. imaging of the bile ducts in order to demonstrate anatomical abnormalities, generalized diseases of the bile ducts, the presence of stones, or the site and nature of local blockages. It may be combined with imaging of the pancreatic duct (see cholangiopancreatography). operative (or on-table) c. cholangiography in which a radiopaque contrast medium is injected into the bile ducts during cholecystectomy, to make sure there are no stones remaining in the main ducts. percutaneous transhepatic c. (PTC) an invasive fluoroscopic technique in which a needle is passed through the skin, across the liver, and into a bile duct; contrast material can then be injected to outline ducts, and drains or stents can be placed to treat infection or malignant strictures of the ducts. T-tube c. cholangiography that involves the postoperative injection of radiopaque contrast material via a drain left in the main bile duct after cholecystectomy.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"cholangiography." A Dictionary of Nursing. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"cholangiography." A Dictionary of Nursing. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 15, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/caregiving/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/cholangiography

"cholangiography." A Dictionary of Nursing. . Retrieved November 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/caregiving/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/cholangiography

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.