Skip to main content

Carroll, Gladys Hasty

CARROLL, Gladys Hasty

Born 26 June 1904, Rochester, New Hampshire

Daughter of Warren and Frances Hasty; married Herbert Carroll, 1925

Growing up in South Berwick, Maine, Gladys Hasty was educated at Bates College, where she graduated in 1925. That same year she married Herbert Carroll, who became a professor of psychology at the University of New Hampshire. Carroll has been awarded honorary degrees from Bates College, the University of New Hampshire, and the University of Maine.

Carroll's most famous book is As the Earth Turns (1933), a story of the Shaw family. A selection of the Book-of-the-Month Club, it was second on the fiction bestseller list, and was translated into many languages. The heroine of As the Earth Turns, Jen Shaw, is an "earth mother", slow, calm, and capable. Together with her father, Mark, Jen holds the Shaw family together. Mark lives for his farm work, and Jen apparently lives for her housework: "if there's anything I like, it's cleaning something awful dirty!" The action of the story focuses on various family crises and the relationship between the Shaws and the Janowskis, a Polish family newly moved into the area. As the Earth Turns was filmed by Warner in 1934. Directed by Alfred Green, the production starred Jean Muir and Donald Woods as Jen and Stan, with David Landau playing Mark Shaw. The New York Times reviewed it favorably.

After the 1930s, Carroll's novels are of little interest. Most of them are preachy, often centering on conservative women residing in Maine. One of her later novels, Man on the Mountain (1969), is a science fiction social satire, showing how America is destroying itself. A constant theme is cultural tolerance, whether it be of Poles, Irish Catholics, or French Canadians.

Of more interest are her autobiographical works, beginning with Dunnybrook (1943), a social history of South Berwick from its founding to World War II. Only Fifty Years Ago (1962) is the story of her childhood; To Remember Forever (1963) is a journal of a year at Bates College. The Years Away from Home (1972) tells of her early married life through 1933. These autobiographical works, like her later novels, are repetitious and laced throughout with World War II poster-style patriotism, but they can serve as documents of local and cultural history.

Carroll used her novels to express her own conservative Republican, rural, New England values, but much of her work cannot be rated as literature. She is a writer who had one major theme: the spell of the land, and she wrote it out in her first three novels. As the Earth Turns is a great popular novel, however, and it fully deserves its acclaim.

Other Works:

Cockatoo (1929). Land Spell (1930, reissued as A Few Foolish Ones, 1935). Neighbor to the Sky (1937). Head of the Line (1942). While the Angels Sing (1947). West of the Hill (1949). Christmas Without Johnny (1950). One White Star (1954). Sing Out the Glory (1957). Come With Me Home (1960). The Road Grows Strange (1965). The Light Here Kindled (1967). Next of Kin (1974). Unless You Die Young (1977).


Hall, V. S., "Down East Today" (thesis, 1938). Nation (21 June 1933). NYT (7 May 1933). SRL (6 May 1933).


Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Carroll, Gladys Hasty." American Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide from Colonial Times to the Present. . 20 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Carroll, Gladys Hasty." American Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide from Colonial Times to the Present. . (January 20, 2019).

"Carroll, Gladys Hasty." American Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide from Colonial Times to the Present. . Retrieved January 20, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.