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Lochhead, Douglas (Grant) 1922-

LOCHHEAD, Douglas (Grant) 1922-

PERSONAL: Surname is pronounced "lock-heed"; born March 25, 1922, in Guelph, Ontario, Canada; son of Allan Grant (an agricultural bacteriologist) and Helen Louise (Van Wart) Lochhead; married Jean St. Clair Beckwith, September 17, 1949 (deceased); children: Sara Louise, Mary Elizabeth. Education: McGill University, B.A., 1943, B.L.S., 1951; University of Toronto, M.A., 1947. Religion: Presbyterian. Hobbies and other interests: Hand-press printing, handmade paper.

ADDRESSES: Home—9 Quarry Lane, P.O. Box 1108, Sackville, New Brunswick E4L 4G3, Canada.

CAREER: Worked in advertising and for newspapers in Ontario, Canada, 1947-50; University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, chief librarian and lecturer in sociology, 1951-52; Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, cataloguing librarian, 1952-53; Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, university librarian and professor, 1953-60; York University, Toronto, Ontario, university librarian and assistant professor of English, 1960-63; University of Toronto, Toronto, librarian at Massey College, 1963-75, fellow, 1963-65, senior fellow, 1965-81, fellow emeritus, 1981—, special lecturer, 1964-65, professor of English, bibliography, and paleography, 1965-75; Mount Allison University, Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada, Edgar and Dorothy Davidson Professor of Canadian Studies, 1975-87, professor emeritus, 1989—, director of Centre for Canadian Studies, 1977-87, writer in residence, 1987-1990. Dalhousie University, librarian in residence, 1981, 1985; University of Edinburgh, visiting professor of Canadian studies, 1983-84. Goose Lane Editions, board chair, beginning 1989, president, 1989-97. Institute of Canadian Historical Reproductions, member of board of directors, beginning 1978. Military service: Canadian Army, Artillery and Infantry, 1943-45; became lieutenant.

MEMBER: Royal Society of Canada (fellow), League of Canadian Poets (life member; vice chair, c. 1968-72), Bibliographical Society of Canada, 1976, Association of Canadian University Teachers of English, Bibliographical Society of America, Psi Upsilon, Quadrats Club (life member).

AWARDS, HONORS: Canada Council grants, 1967, 1978, 1979, 1980; Golden Dog Award, 1975; Queen's Silver Medal, 1977; nomination for Governor-General's Award for poetry, 1980; Marie Tremaine Medal in Canadian Bibliography, 1985; awards of merit, Association of Canadian Studies, 1985, 1987; D. Litt., St. Mary's University, 1987; L.L.D., Dalhousie University, 1987; honored as founding librarian, Massey College, 1989; merit award, Atlantic Provinces Library Association, 1990.

WRITINGS:

Shepherd's before Kings, Three Fathom Press, 1963.

Poet Talking, Apollo, 1964.

Contributor to periodicals, including library journals and Bulletin of Canadian Studies.

poetry

The Heart Is Fire, Ryerson Press (Toronto, Ontario, Canada), 1959.

Poems in Folio, Three Fathom Press, Volume I, 1959, Volume II, 1963.

It Is All Around, Ryerson Press (Toronto, Ontario, Canada), 1960.

A&B&C&: An Alphabet, Three Fathom Press, 1969.

Millwood Road Poems, Roger Ascham Press (Toronto, Ontario, Canada), 1970, reprinted, Harrier Editions (Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada), 1998.

Prayers in a Field, Aliquando Press (Toronto, Ontario, Canada), 1974.

The Full Furnace: Collected Poems, McGraw-Hill (New York, NY), 1975.

High Marsh Road: Lines for a Diary, Anson-Cartwright Editions (Toronto, Ontario, Canada), 1980.

A & E, Harrier Editions (Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada), 1980, revised edition, 1998.

Battle Sequence (chapbook), Harrier Editions (Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada), 1980.

The Panic Field: Prose Poems, Goose Lane Editions (Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada), 1984.

Tiger in the Skull: New and Selected Poems, 1959-1985, Goose Lane Editions (Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada), 1986.

Upper Cape Poems, Goose Lane Editions (Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada), 1989.

Dykelands, photographs by Thaddeus Holownia, McGill-Queen's University Press (Montreal, Quebec, Canada), 1989.

Black Festival: A Long Poem, Harrier Editions (Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada), 1991.

Homage to Henry Alline and Other Poems, Goose Lane Editions (Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada), 1992.

All Things Do Continue: Poems of Celebration, St. Thomas Poetry Series (Toronto, Ontario, Canada), 1997.

Breakfast at Mel's and Other Poems of Love and Places, Goose Lane Editions (Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada), 1997.

The Lucretius Poems, Harrier Editions (Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada), 1998.

Cape Enragé: Poems on a Raised Beach, Wolsak & Wynn (Toronto, Ontario, Canada), 2000.

Weathers: Poems New and Selected, edited by David Creelman, Goose Lane Editions (Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada), 2002.

Midgic: A Place, a Poem, Gaspereau Press (Kentville, Nova Scotia, Canada), 2003.

Work represented in anthologies, including The Maple Laugh Forever, 1981; We Stand on Guard, 1985; The Atlantic Anthology, 1985; Norton Introduction to Poetry, W. W. Norton (New York, NY), 1991; and Norton Introduction to Literature, W. W. Norton (New York, NY), 1991. Contributor of poetry to periodicals.

editor

(With Northrop Frye and John A. Irving) Thomas McCullock, The Stepsure Lectures, McClelland & Stewart (Toronto, Ontario, Canada), 1960.

A. G. Gilbert, From Montreal to the Maritime Provinces and Back, Bibliographical Society of Canada (Toronto, Ontario, Canada), 1967.

(With Raymond Souster) Made in Canada: An Anthology of Contemporary Canadian Poetry, Oberon Press (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada), 1970.

Bibliography of Canadian Bibliographies, 2nd edition (Lochhead was not associated with earlier edition), University of Toronto Press (Toronto, Ontario, Canada), 1972.

(With Raymond Souster) 100 Poems of Nineteenth-Century Canada, Macmillan of Canada (Toronto, Ontario, Canada), 1974.

Specimen of Printing Types and Ornaments, Lovell & Gibson, Montreal, 1846, Bibliographical Society of Canada (Toronto, Ontario, Canada), 1975.

Julia Catherine Beckwith, St. Ursula's Convent; or, The Nun of Canada, R. P. Bell Library, Mount Allison University (Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada), 1978.

(Compiler) A Word Index of "In Parenthesis" by David Jones, 1983.

(And contributor) Something Still to Find: Unexplored Fields of Canadian Literature, Centre of Canadian Studies, University of Edinburgh (Edinburgh, Scotland), 1984.

(With Raymond Souster) Windflower: Selected Poems of Bliss Carman, Tecumseh Press (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada), 1985.

(With Raymond Souster) Powassan's Drum: Selected Poems of Duncan Campbell Scott, Tecumseh Press (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada), 1985.

General editor, "Literature of Canada" series, University of Toronto Press (Toronto, Ontario, Canada), 1971-84, and "Toronto Reprint Library of Canadian Prose and Poetry," University of Toronto Press (Toronto, Ontario, Canada), 1973-84.

SIDELIGHTS: Described as a "quietly accomplished poet" by Fraser Sutherland in the Toronto Globe and Mail, Douglas Lochhead often writes of the natural world. Speaking of Lochhead's book Tiger in the Skull: New and Selected Poems, 1959-1985, Sutherland stated that although some of the poems are "drawn from army or family life, the poems more often stem from a close, solitary perception of the birds, terrain, and weather of Cape Breton, Newfoundland, and the marshlands that link Nova Scotia and New Brunswick."

Lochhead once told CA: "My sidelights are floodlights. I write from 5:30-7:30 a.m.; swim for one hour; breakfast (same 365/6 days a year). I like bananas and all easy desserts. Nap. To town (5 minutes) for mail. Tea. Watch WKRP in Cincinnati reruns. 6:00 supper (last-minute). Often eat out or take out. Evening: TV sports. Reading. 11 p.m. lights out. This is my world; these are my days."

BIOGRAPHICAL AND CRITICAL SOURCES:

books

Stanger, Peter, As the Eyes of Lyncaeus: A Celebration for Douglas Lochhead, Anchorage Press (Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada), 1990.

Thomas, Peter, editor, The Red Jeep and Other Landscapes: A Collection in Honour of Douglas Lochhead, Goose Lane Editions (Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada), 1987.

periodicals

Books in Canada, 1997, review of Breakfast at Mel's and Other Poems of Love and Places, p. 232; June-July, 2002, W. J. Keith, review of Weathers: Poems New and Selected.

Canadian Book Review Annual, 2000, review of CapeEnragé: Poems on a Raised Beach, p. 212.

Dalhousie Review, fall, 1993, review of Homage to Henry Alline and Other Poems, p. 406.

Globe and Mail (Toronto, Ontario, Canada), February 28, 1987, Fraser Sutherland, review of Tiger in the Skull: New and Selected Poems, 1959-1985.

online

League of Canadian Poets Web site, http://www.poets.ca/ (October 22, 2004), review of Weathers: Poems New and Selected.*

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