Lochry's Defeat, Ohio River
Lochry's Defeat, Ohio River
LOCHRY'S DEFEAT, OHIO RIVER. 24 August 1781. In 1781 Virginia state Brigadier General George Rogers Clark assembled four hundred of his men at Wheeling and started down the Ohio River, hoping to capture Detroit. Most Pennsylvanians were reluctant to participate in the operation and suspected that it was merely an effort by Virginia to extend its claims on disputed lands. Colonel Archibald Lochry, who commanded the Westmoreland County militia, was an exception, and on 23 June he set about collecting a detachment to join Clark. Clark headed for Kaskaskia on 8 August and the next day sent instructions back to Lochry to join him there. Meanwhile Joseph Brant, who earlier had been fighting Colonel Marinus Willett in the Mohawk Valley, was now sent from Detroit with a mixed force of Indians and Loyalists to intercept Clark. Lochry sent a small party ahead of his 107-man force to ask Clark to wait until he could catch up.
Brant reached the Ohio River near the mouth of the Big Miami with his thirty-man vanguard just as the last of Clark's boats were passing out of sight, but in time to capture Lochry's messengers. Another sixty Indians arrived to join Brant before Lochry approached on 24 August. Using the information and one of the captives as a decoy, Brant set up an ambush. Although numbers were about equal, the Pennsylvanians were caught completely by surprise. The Americans had five officers and thirty-six privates killed, twelve officers and forty-eight privates captured. Some of the prisoners, including Lochry, were killed, but at least half eventually returned to Pennsylvania.
Kellogg, Louise Phelps, ed. Frontier Retreat on the Upper Ohio, 1779–1781. Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society, 1917.
Van Every, Dale. A Company of Heroes: The American Frontier 1775–1783. New York: Morrow, 1962.
revised by Robert K. Wright Jr.
"Lochry's Defeat, Ohio River." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 13, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lochrys-defeat-ohio-river
"Lochry's Defeat, Ohio River." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Retrieved November 13, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lochrys-defeat-ohio-river
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.