Soldaten, Die (The Soldiers). Opera in 4 acts by B. A. Zimmermann to lib. by composer after J. M. Reinhold Lenz's play. Comp. 1958–60, rev. 1963–4. For orch., singing and speaking vv., elecs., and musique concrète, with ballet, mime, film, and lighting effects. Cologne Opera, which commissioned the work, rejected 1st vers. as technically impossible. Prod. Cologne 1965, Edinburgh 1972, Boston 1982, NY City Opera 1991, Paris (Bastille), 1994, London (ENO) 1996. Also orch. suite.
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