Schrade, Leo, eminent German musicologist; b. Allenstein, Dec. 13, 1903; d. Spéracédès, Alpes-Maritimes, Sept. 21, 1964. He studied with Hermann Halbig at the Univ. of Heidelberg (1923–27), with Sandberger at the Univ. of Munich, and with Kroyer at the Univ. of Leipzig (Ph.D., 1927, with the diss. Die ältesten Denkmäler der Orgelmusik als Beitrag zu einer Geschichte der Toccata; publ. in Münster, 1928); completed his Habilitation in 1929 at the Univ. of Königsberg. He taught at the univs. of Königsberg (1928–32) and Bonn (from 1932). In 1937 he emigrated to the U.S.; was on the faculty of Yale Univ. (1938–58), where he taught music history; in 1958 he was appointed to the music faculty of the Univ. of Basel. He was also the Charles Eliot Norton Lecturer at Harvard Univ. in 1962–63. He was foundered, of the Yale Studies in the History of Music and the Yale Collegium Musicum series (1947–58); was co-ed, of the Journal of Renaissance and Baroque Music (1946–47), Annales musicologiques (1953–64), and the Archiv für Musikwissenschaft (1958–64); served as an ed. of the series Polyphonic Music in the Fourteenth Century (vols. 1–3, 1956; vol. 4, 1958).
Beethoven in France: The Growth of an Idea (New Haven, 1942); Monteverdi: Creator of Modern Music (N.Y., 1950; second ed., 1964); Bach: The Conflict Between the Sacred and the Secular (N.Y., 1954); W.A. Mozart (Bern and Munich, 1964); Tragedy in the Art of Music (Cambridge, Mass., 1964).
Musik und Geschichte: L. S. zum sechzigsten Geburtstag (Cologne, 1963; Eng. tr., 1965, as Music and History: L. S. on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday); L. S. in memoriam (Bern and Munich, 1966); E. Lichtenhahn, ed., L. S.: De scientia musicae studia atque orationes (Bern and Stuttgart, 1967); W. Arlt et al., eds., Gattungen der Musik in Einzeldarstellungen: Gedenkschrift für L. S. (Bern and Munich, 1973).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire