Loughran, James, Scottish conductor; b. Glasgow, June 30, 1931. He studied with Peter Maag in Bonn, where he was a répétiteur at the City Theater; also studied in Amsterdam and Milan. In 1961 he won first prize in a conducting competition sponsored by the Philharmonia Orch. in London. From 1962 to 1965 he was assoc. conductor of the Bournemouth Sym. Orch., and then was principal conductor of the BBC Scottish Sym. Orch in Glasgow (1965–71). He served as principal conductor of the Hallé Orch. in Manchester (1971–83), and chief conductor of the Bamberg Sym. Orch. (1979–83). He was chief guest conductor of the BBC Welsh Sym. Orch. in Cardiff (1987–90) and permanent guest conductor of the Japan Phil, in Tokyo (from 1993). In 1996 he became chief conductor of the Ârhus Sym. Orch.
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
"Loughran, James." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 24, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/loughran-james-0
"Loughran, James." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved April 24, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/loughran-james-0
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.