Kalachevsky, Mikhail, Ukrainian composer; b. Polovka, near Elizavetgrad, Sept. 26, 1851; d. Kremenchug, c. 1910. He studied piano with C. Reinecke and theory with E.F.E. Richter at the Leipzig Cons. (1872-76). Returning to Russia, he occupied provincial government positions. His music reflects the modalities of Ukrainian folk songs; his Ukrainian Symphony (1876) has some historical value. He also composed a Requiem for Chorus, String Quartet, and Organ, a String Quartet in E-flat major, a Piano Trio in A minor, and several works for solo piano, including 19 romances.
N. Gordeichuk, M.N. K.. (Kiev, 1954); ibid., Ukrainskaya simfoniya M. K.. (The Ukrainian Symphony of M. K.; Kiev, 1963).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire