Jachino, Carlo, Italian composer; b. San Remo, Feb. 3, 1887; d. Rome, Dec. 23, 1971. He studied with Luporini in Lucca and then with Riemann in Leipzig (1909–10). He taught in Parma (1928–33), Naples (1933–38), and Rome (1938–51). After serving as director of the conservatories in Naples (1951–53) and Bogotaá, Colombia (1953–56), he was artistic director of the Teatro San Carlo in Naples (1961–69). He publ. Tecnica dodecafonica (Milan, 1948) and Gli strumenti d’orchestra (Milan, 1950). In his early compositions, he followed the Romantic Italian style; after adopting a modified 12-tone method, he returned to tonality in his last years.
dramatic: Opera: Giocondo e il suo re (1915-21; Milan, June 24, 1924). OTHER: Film scores. ORCH.: Sonata drammatica for Violin and Orch. (1930); Pastorale di Natale (1932); Fantasia del rosso e nero (1935); Pagine di Ramon (1937); 2 piano concertos (1952, 1957); L’ora inquieta for Strings (1953); Cello Concerto (1960); Variazioni su un tema car a Napoleone I (1966). CHAMBER: Sonata for 9 Instruments (1922); 3 string quartets (1925, 1927,1930); Trio for Flute, Cello, and Piano (1954); Quintetto dell’alba for Clarinet, Horn, and String Trio (1956); keyboard music. VOCAL: Choral pieces; songs.
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire