Gailhard, Pierre, noted French bass and opera manager; b. Toulouse, Aug. 1, 1848; d. Paris, Oct. 12, 1918. He began his vocal studies in his native city, and entered the Paris Cons, in 1866. After a year of study under Revial, he graduated in 1867, winning 3 1st prizes. He made his debut at the Opéra-Comique (Dec. 4, 1867) as Falstaff in Thomas’s Songe d’une nuit d’été-, on Nov. 3, 1871, he made his debut at the Opera as Méphistophélès in Gounod’s Faust. At the height of his powers and success he gave up the stage when, in 1884, he accepted, jointly with M. Ritt, the management of the famous institution; on the appointment of M. Bertrand as successor to Ritt, in 1892, he retired, but joined Bertrand the following year as co-director; after the latter’s death, in 1899, he remained sole director until 1908. His administration was remarkably successful, considering both the novelties produced and the engagement of new singers (Melba, Eames, Bréval, Caron, Ackté, Alvarez, Saléza, Renaud, the 2 de Reszkes, et al.). Against violent opposition he introduced, and maintained in the repertoire, Lohengrin (1895), Die Walkure (1893), Tannhäuser (1895; the 1st perf. after the notorious fiasco of 1861), Meistersinger (1897), and Siegfried (1902). His son, André Gailhard (b. Paris, June 29, 1885; d. Ermont, Val d’Oise, July 3, 1966), composed the operas Amaryllis (Toulouse, 1906), Le Sortilège (Paris, 1913), and La Bataille (Paris, 1931).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
"Gailhard, Pierre." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gailhard-pierre
"Gailhard, Pierre." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved April 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gailhard-pierre
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.