Skip to main content

Floyd, Carlisle (Sessions, Jr.)

Floyd, Carlisle (Sessions, Jr.)

Floyd, Carlisle (Sessions, Jr.), esteemed American composer; b. Latta, S.C., June 11, 1926. He was a student of Ernst Bacon at Syracuse Univ. (Mus.B., 1946; Mus.M, 1949), and also received private instruction in piano from Rudolf Firkusny and Sydney Foster. After teaching at Fla. State Univ. in Tallahassee (from 1947), he became prof. of music at the Univ. of Houston in 1976. Floyd’s opera Susannah (1953–54; Tallahassee, Feb. 24, 1955) established his reputation as a composer of dramatic works, and in 1956 it won the N.Y. Music Critics Circle Award. In subsequent years, it became one of the most widely performed American operas at home and abroad. Floyd also won critical acclaim for his opera Of Mice and Men, after Steinbeck (1969; Seattle, Jan. 22, 1970). His other stage works included the musical play Slow Dusk (1948–49; Syracuse, May 1949) and the operas Wuthering Heights (Santa Fe, July 16, 1958), The Passion of Jonathan Wade (N.Y., Oct. 11, 1962; rev. 1989; Houston, Jan. 18, 1991), Markheim (New Orleans, March 31, 1966), Bilby’s Doll (Houston, Feb. 28, 1976), The Sojourner and Mollie Sinclair (Raleigh, N.C., Dec. 2, 1976), Willie Stark (Houston, April 24, 1981), and Cold Sassy Tree (Houston, April 14, 2000). He also wrote some instrumental and vocal pieces, but it is as a composer for the theater that Floyd has secured his place in American music. His stage works, all written to his own libretti, reveal a mastery of dramatic writing in an accessible style.

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Floyd, Carlisle (Sessions, Jr.)." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Floyd, Carlisle (Sessions, Jr.)." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 21, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/floyd-carlisle-sessions-jr

"Floyd, Carlisle (Sessions, Jr.)." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved November 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/floyd-carlisle-sessions-jr

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.