Engel, Carl, distinguished American musicologist of German descent; b. Paris, July 21, 1883; d. N.Y., May 6, 1944. He was educated at the univs. of Strasbourg and Munich, and also was a composition pupil of Thuille in Munich. In 1905 he emigrated to the U.S. and in 1917 became a naturalized American citizen. He was music ed. for the Boston Music Co. (1909–22), head of the music division of the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. (1922–34), and president of G. Schirmer, Inc., in N.Y (1929–32; 1934–44). From 1922 he contributed to the Musical Quarterly, serving as its eminent ed. from 1929 to 1942. In 1937–38 he was president of the American Musicological Soc. A writer of brilliance and wide learning, he publ. the essay collections Alia Breve, from Bach to Debussy (N.Y., 1921) and Discords Mingled (N.Y., 1931). He also was a composer, producing chamber music, piano pieces, and songs.
G. Reese, ed., A Birthday Offering to C E. (N.Y, 1943).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire