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Eitner, Robert

Eitner, Robert

Eitner, Robert, eminent German music scholar; b. Breslau, Oct. 22, 1832; d. Templin, Feb. 2, 1905. He studied in Breslau with Brosig. In 1853 he settled in Berlin, where he taught. In 1868 he founded the Gesellschaft fur Musikgeschichte, serving as ed. of its journal, the Monatschefte fur Musikgeschichte, from 1869; he also ed. the Publikationen alter praktischer und theoretischer Musikwerke from 1873. In 1902 he was granted the honorary title of prof. His major contribution to musical scholarship was his Biographisch-bibliograsphisches Quellen-Lexikon der Musiker und Musikgelehrten der Christlichen Zeitrechnung bis zur Mitte des neunzehten Jahrhunderts (10 vols., Leipzig, 1900–04; additions and corrections ed. by H. Springer, M. Schneider, and W. Wolffheim as Miscellanea Musicae Bio-bibliographica, 4 vols., 1912–16; 2nd ed., rev. and aug., 1959–60). This invaluable source gives information on publ. and MS music in more than 200 libraries in Europe. He also publ. Verzeichnis neuer Ausgaben alter Musikwerke aus der fruhesten Zeit bis zum Jahre 1800 (Berlin, 1871); with F. Haberl, A. Lagerberg, and C. Pohl, Bibliographic der Musik-Sammelwerke des XVI. und XVII. Jahrhunderts (Berlin, 1877); Die Oper von ihren ersten Anfdngen bis 1750 (3 vols., Berlin, 1881–85); Bucherverzeichnis der MusikLiteratur aus den Jahren 1839 bis 1846 im Anschluss an Becker und Buchtig (Berlin, 1885); Quellen- und Hilfswerke beim Studium der Musikgeschichte (Leipzig, 1891); Buchund Musikalienhandler, Buch- und Musikaliendrucker nebst Notenstecher, nur die Musik betreffend (Leipzig, 1904). He also composed the biblical opera Judith, an overture, a piano fantasia on themes from Tristan und Isolde, and songs.

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

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