De Reszke, Édouard

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De Reszke, Édouard [ Mieczyslaw, Edward] (b Warsaw, 1853; d Garnek, 1917). Polish bass, brother of Jean de Reszke. Début at Théâtre des Italiens, Paris, as the King in first Paris Aida cond. Verdi, 1876. London CG 1880; Chicago 1891. Stalwart of NY Met 1891–1903. Notable in Wagner, first in It. then in Ger. (King Marke, Sachs, Hagen), but his most famous role was Mephistopheles in Faust. Retired 1903.