Cardoso, Manuel, distinguished Portuguese composer; b. Fronteira, near Portalegre (baptized), Dec. 11, 1566; d. Lisbon, Nov. 24, 1650. After studies with Manuel Mendes and Cosme Delgado at the Évora Cathedral choir school, he was made a member of the Carmelite order (1588) and took his vows (1589) at Lisbon’s Convento do Carmo, where he was active as an organist and choirmaster. He wrote much sacred music, most of which perished in the devastating Lisbon earthquake and fire of 1755. His extant works, all publ. in Lisbon, include Cantica BVM for four to five Voices (1613), Missae for four to six Voices, lib. 1 (1625), Missae for four to six Voices, lib. 2 (1636), Missae de BVM for four to six Voices, lib. 3 (1636), and Livro de varios motetes officio da semana santa e outras cousas for four Voices (1648), all of which have been ed. in Portugaliae Musica, series A, V–VI, XIII, XX, XXII, XXVI (1962–74).
M. de Sampayo Ribeiro, Frei M. C: Contribuiçào para o estudo da sua vida e da sua obra, Achegas para a Historia da Música em Portugal, VI (Lisbon, 1961).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire