Boroni, Antonio, Italian composer; b. Rome, 1738; d. there, Dec. 21, 1792. He studied with Martini in Bologna and with Abos and Lorenzo Fago at the Conservatorio Pietà dei Turchini in Naples (1757–58). He then devoted himself to writing operas. After composing works for Turin, Treviso, and Venice, he accompanied the Bustelli opera troupe to Prague (1767–68) and Dresden (1768–70). He served as Kapellmeister in Stuttgart (1770–77), then returned to Rome as maestro di cappella at St. Peter’s (from 1778). He also held similar posts at S. Luigi de’ Francesi and at S. Apollinare, the church of the Collegio Germanica (from c. 1790).
DRAMATIC: La Moda, dramma giocoso (Turin, 1761; rev. Venice, 1769); Demofoonte, opera seria (Treviso, Carnival 1762); L’amore in musica, dramma giocoso (Venice, Oct. 15, 1763); La Pupilla rapita, dramma giocoso (Venice, 1763; in collaboration with S. Laurenti); Sofonisba, dramma per musica (Venice, Ascension 1764); Sime, dramma per musica (Venice, 1764); Le Villeggiatici ridicole, dramma comico (Venice, 1765); La notte critica, dramma giocoso (Venice, Carnival 1766); Artaserse, dramma per musica (Prague, Jan. 1767); Didone, dramma per musica (Prague, Carnival 1768); II carnevale, dramma giocoso (Dresden, 1769); Le Orfane svizzere, dramma giocoso (Venice, 1770); Le Contadine furlane, dramma giocoso (Venice, Carnival 1771); Le Déserteur, opéra-comique (Stuttgart, 1774-75); L’Amour fraternel, opéra-comique (Stuttgart, 1774-75); Zémire et Azor, opéra-comique (Stuttgart, 1774-75); L’isola disabitata, intermezzo (Stuttgart, Dec. 31, 1775); Enea nel Lazio, dramma per musica (Rome, Carnival 1778). other: Sym. (1772) and other orch. works; much sacred music.
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
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