Nemours, Marie d'Orleans, Duchess de (c. 1625–1707)
Nemours, Marie d'Orleans, duchess de (c. 1625–1707)
French memoir writer. Name variations: Mlle. de Longueville; Marie de Longueville. Born Marie de Longueville around 1625; died in 1707; daughter of Henry, the duc de Longueville, and Louise de Bourbon-Soissons; stepdaughter ofAnne Geneviève, Duchesse de Longueville (1619–1679).
Marie d'Orleans, duchess of Nemours, was born around 1625, the daughter of Henry, duc de Longueville, and Louise de Bourbon-Soissons , and later the stepdaughter of Anne Geneviève, Duchesse de Longueville , sister of the Prince of Condé. Marie regretted her father's involvement in the Fronde during 1648–53 and wrote of it in her well-known memoirs. During the minority of Louis XIV, the Fronde waged civil war against the court because of humiliations inflicted on the nobility and heavy fiscal impositions laid on the people, beginning with resistance to measures enacted by Cardinal Mazarin. Because the Fronde fell under the weight of its own intrigue and strife, the name frondeur became a term of political reproach. English king James II, then the duke of York, proposed to Marie, but France's regent Anne of Austria would not agree to the marriage. Marie d'Orleans was also a good friend and patron of Mme de Villedieu .