Martin, Anne Henrietta (1875–1951)

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Martin, Anne Henrietta (1875–1951)

American pacifist and suffragist . Name variations: (pseudonym) Anne O'Hara. Born in Empire City, Nevada, on September 30, 1875; died in Carmel, California, on April 15, 1951; attended Whitaker's School for Girls in Reno; University of Nevada (Reno), A.B., 1894; Stanford University (Palo Alto), B.A., 1896, M.A. in history, 1897.

Anne Martin was the first woman to run for the U.S. Senate in 1918 and 1920, polling 20% of the vote in the state of Nevada. In 1897, she founded the University of Nevada history department and was its head until 1903. An inveterate traveler, Martin became interested in the suffragist movement while in England about 1910. Returning home, she was elected president of the state suffragists and successfully led the movement for Nevada women to win the vote (1914). Following her run for the Senate, she moved to Carmel, California, and became active in the Women's International League for Peace; she was opposed to America's involvement in World War II, just as she had been to its involvement in World War I.

suggested reading:

James, Edward T., ed. Notable American Women 1607–1950: A Biographical Dictionary. Vol. 2. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1971.

McHenry, Robert, ed. Famous American Women: A Biographical Dictionary from Colonial Times to the Present. New York, NY: Dover, 1980.