Maria Louisa of Spain (1745–1792)

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Maria Louisa of Spain (1745–1792)

Holy Roman empress, empress of Austria, and grandduchess of Tuscany. Name variations: Marie-Louise Bourbon; Maria Ludovica; infanta Maria Ludovica of Bourbon-Spain. Born on November 24, 1745, in Naples; died on May 15, 1792, in Vienna; daughter of Charles III, king of Spain (r. 1759–1788), also known as Charles IV, king of Naples and Sicily (r. 1735–1759), and Maria Amalia of Saxony (1724–1760, daughter of Augustus III of Poland); married Leopold II (1747–1792), count of Tuscany, ruler of Florence (r. 1765–1790), Holy Roman emperor (r. 1790–1792); children: Ferdinand III (1769–1824), grand duke of Tuscany; Alexander Leopold (1772–1795); Theresa (1767–1827); Francis II (1768–1835), last Holy Roman emperor (r. 1792–1806), also known as Francis I, emperor of Austria (r. 1804–1835); Maria Anna (1770–1809); Maria Clementina of Austria (1777–1801); Maria Amalia (1780–1798); John (1782–1859), vicar-general; Joseph (1776–1847), archduke Palatine of Hungary; Anthony Victor (1779–1835); Rainer (1783–1853), viceroy of Lombardy; Louis (1784–1864); Rudolf (1788–1831), cardinal-archbishop of Olmutz.

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