MacGill, Elsie (d. 1980)
MacGill, Elsie (d. 1980)
Canadian aeronautical engineer and feminist . Name variations: Elizabeth MacGill; E.G. MacGill; (incorrectly) McGill. Born Elizabeth Gregory MacGill; died in 1980; daughter of Helen Gregory MacGill (1871–1947) and James H. MacGill; married in 1943 but continued to use her maiden name.
Gzowski Medal of the Engineering Institute of Canada (1941); Award for Meritorious Contribution to Engineering from the Society of Women Engineers (U.S. organization, 1953); awarded the Order of Canada (1971).
Elsie MacGill, the daughter of Helen Gregory MacGill and James H. MacGill, became the first woman to graduate in electrical engineering from the University of Toronto (1927). She was also the first woman to graduate from the University of Michigan's master's program in aeronautical engineering (1929). In 1934, MacGill was hired by Fairchild Aircraft Limited in Montreal; she then worked as chief aeronautical engineer for the Canadian Car and Foundry Company, where she designed the Maple Leaf Trainer, possibly the first airplane designed by a woman. During World War II, Elsie MacGill was the engineer in charge of Canadian production of the Hawker Hurricane fighter plane at Fort William, Ontario, with a staff of 4,500. Following the war, she started her own business as a consulting aeronautical engineer in Toronto, was a prominent member of the Toronto Business and Professional Women's Club, and campaigned on issues involving paid maternity leave, day care facilities, and liberalization of abortion laws. Elsie MacGill published a biography of her mother, My Mother the Judge, in 1955. She died in 1980.
Personal papers, dating from 1911, held in the Public Archives of Canada under #MG 31, K7.
"MacGill, Elsie (d. 1980)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 21, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/macgill-elsie-d-1980
"MacGill, Elsie (d. 1980)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved November 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/macgill-elsie-d-1980
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.