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MacGillavry, Carolina H. (1904–1993)

MacGillavry, Carolina H. (1904–1993)

Dutch crystallographer. Born Carolina Henriette MacGillavry, Jan 22, 1904, in Amsterdam, Netherlands; died May 9, 1993; dau. of Donald MacGillavry (neurosurgeon); Amsterdam's Gemeente University, PhD in chemistry, 1937.

The 1st woman elected to the Dutch Academy of Sciences (1950), conducted important research on the Harker-Kasper equations, but failed to receive proper recognition (compared to Jerome Karle, winner of the Nobel Prize for work in the same area); began career assisting A. Smits at the Laboratory for General and Inorganic Chemistry in Amsterdam (1932–34); coedited International Tables for X-ray Crystallography (1948–66) and Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor Natuurkunde (Dutch journal for natural science, 1942–59); at Gemeente University, served as a lecturer (1946–50), professor (1950–72) and emeritus professor (from 1972); worked with Ray Pepinsky at the Alabama Polytechnic Institute (1949).

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