Skip to main content

Jeanne de Bourbon (1338–1378)

Jeanne de Bourbon (1338–1378)

Queen of France. Name variations: Joan of Bourbon. Born on February 3, 1338, in Bourbon (some sources erroneously cite 1326 or 1327); died on February 6, 1378, in Paris; daughter of Pierre or Peter I, duke of Bourbon, and Isabelle of Savoy (d. 1383); married

Charles V (1338–1380), king of France (r. 1364–1380), in 1350; children: Charles VI the Mad (1368–1422), king of France (r. 1380–1422); Louis (1372–1407), duke of Orléans (assassinated in 1407); Isabelle (1378–1378);Catherine of France (who married John of Montpensier).

Born in 1338, Jeanne de Bourbon was the daughter of Isabelle of Savoy and Pierre I of Bourbon. In 1350, a marriage took place between the 12-year-old girl and the French king, Charles V (r. 1364–1380). During her life, Jeanne was primarily recognized for her important religious patronage and generosity to convents. She founded a Celestine monastery among others, and was also a benevolent patron of the arts. She commissioned numerous paintings and sculptures, mostly on religious topics, including a statue of pure gold carved in the image of Mary the Virgin to adorn one of her religious houses. Like many queens, Jeanne did not assist in the administration of the kingdom, but rather spent her time presiding over a large and intellectual court. She was also noted as an avid book collector and often commissioned works to be copied for her. However, all her life she was plagued by bouts of mental instability of unknown origin. It is believed her son, King Charles VI, inherited his weak mental condition from her. Jeanne died from complications of childbirth at age 40.

sources:

Anderson, Bonnie S., and Judith P. Zinsser. A History of Their Own. Vol. I. NY: Harper and Row, 1988.

LaBarge, Margaret. A Small Sound of the Trumpet: Women in Medieval Life. Boston: Beacon Press, 1986.

Laura York , Riverside, California

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Jeanne de Bourbon (1338–1378)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 14 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Jeanne de Bourbon (1338–1378)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 14, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/jeanne-de-bourbon-1338-1378

"Jeanne de Bourbon (1338–1378)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 14, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/jeanne-de-bourbon-1338-1378

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.