Garrod, Dorothy A. (1892–1969)
Garrod, Dorothy A. (1892–1969)
English archaeologist and educator who was the first woman in any field to become a professor at either of the great British universities. Born Dorothy Annie Elizabeth Garrod in 1892; died in 1969; daughter of Sir Alfred Baring Garrod (1819–1907), English physician and professor of therapeutics; sister of Alfred Henry Garrod (1846–1879), a zoologist, and Archibald Edward Garrod (1857–1936), Regius Professor of history of medicine at Oxford; educated in France, where she studied Paleolithic archaeology under Breuil, Begouen, and Peyrony; never married; no children.
Dorothy A. Garrod was born in 1892, the daughter of Sir Alfred Baring Garrod, an English physician and professor of therapeutics; her brothers were Alfred Henry Garrod, a zoologist, and Archibald Edward Garrod, a Regius Professor of history of medicine at Oxford. Director of studies in archaeology and anthropology at Newnham College at Cambridge, Dorothy Garrod was the first woman in any field to be appointed a professor at Cambridge (1939). Working in the area of Paleolithic archaeology, she directed field investigations in England, Kurdistan, Bulgaria, Gibraltar, and Lebanon. Her most famous excavation was Mugharet et Tabun in Palestine where evidence was unearthed to provide testimony on the evolution of Homo neanderthalensis (Neanderthal man). Garrod served in the women's services in both world wars. After WWII, she used what she had learned of photographic evaluation to develop aerial photography as a finding tool for archaeology. She was the first woman to receive the Gold Medal of the Society of Antiquaries on London.
"Garrod, Dorothy A. (1892–1969)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/garrod-dorothy-1892-1969
"Garrod, Dorothy A. (1892–1969)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved January 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/garrod-dorothy-1892-1969
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.