Skip to main content

Garrison, William Lloyd (1805–1879)

GARRISON, WILLIAM LLOYD (1805–1879)

William Lloyd Garrison edited America's leading abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator (1831–1865), and helped found the New England Anti-Slavery Society (1831) and the American Anti-Slavery Society (1833; president, 1843–1865). Garrison believed pacifism, nonresistance, and moral suasion could end slavery. He argued that the Constitution supported slavery and was "a covenant with death and an agreement with Hell." Thus, he refused to vote or voluntarily support civil government, and after 1843 Garrison and his followers advocated a peaceful dissolution of the Union under the slogan "No Union with Slaveholders." More moderate abolitionists rejected Garrison's analysis of the Constitution, his opposition to antislavery political candidates and parties, and his extreme tactics, such as publicly burning the Constitution and declaring "So perish all compromises with tyranny." Despite his disunionist beliefs, he ultimately gave tacit support to abraham lincoln and the Union during the civil war.

Paul Finkelman
(1986)

Bibliography

Thomas, John L. 1963 The Liberator. Boston: Little, Brown.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Garrison, William Lloyd (1805–1879)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Garrison, William Lloyd (1805–1879)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 21, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/garrison-william-lloyd-1805-1879

"Garrison, William Lloyd (1805–1879)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Retrieved November 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/garrison-william-lloyd-1805-1879

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.