Garro, Elena (1920–1998)
Garro, Elena (1920–1998)
Elena Garro (b. 11 December 1920; d. 22 August 1998), Mexican novelist, short-story writer, and playwright. Although Garro spent much of her adult life in Spain and France, her writing reflects Mexican society, which she views pessimistically. Her coupling of detailed realistic descriptions and nightmarish fantasies places her among the magical realists. In her first book, Los recuerdos del porvenir (1963), she re-creates her hometown, Iguala, which she sees as a microcosm of Mexican society: desperate, defeated, and doomed. Garro actually wrote the book in the 1950s and published it later, with the encouragement of Octavio Paz, her husband from 1937 to 1959. Her first collection of stories, La semana en colores (1964), draws on Indian beliefs. Her second, Andamos huyendo Lola (1980), combines childhood memories with fantasy to create a kind of hell in which characters are constantly fleeing and scrounging for food. Testimonios sobre Mariana (1981) captures the anguish of modern society and parodies the bourgeois intellectual. Reencuentro de personajes (1982) examines the sober themes of violence, sexual manipulation, and psychological torture. In La casa junto al río (1983), Garro returns to her childhood village, still steeped in pettiness and mediocrity. Y matarazo no llamó, written in 1960 but published in 1991, is a kind of political thriller with existential undercurrents: the main character, an alienated loner, is lured into a political snare that drives him mad and leads him to an absurd end. Garro wrote a number of one-act as well as full-length plays featuring avant-garde techniques. Felipe Angeles (1979) is a three-act work that presents a negative view of the Mexican Revolution.
Frank Dauster, "El teatro de Elena Garro: Evasión e ilusión," in Ensayos sobre el teatro hispanoamericano (1975), pp. 66-77.
Beth Miller and A. González, "Elena Garro," in 26 autoras del México actual (1978), pp. 199-219.
Monique Lemaitre, "El deseo de la muerte y la muerte del deseo en la obra de Elena Garro: Hacia una definición de la escritura femenina en su obra," Revista Iberoamericana 55 (1989): 1005-1017.
Robert K. Anderson, "Recurrent Themes in Two Novels by Elena Garro," Selecta 11 (1990): 83-86.
Anita K. Stoll, ed., A Different Reality: Studies on the Work of Elena Garro (1990).
Anita K. Stoll, "The Old World vs. the New: Cultural Conflict in Four Works of Elena Garro," Letras Peninsulares 5 (1991): 95-106.
León, Margarita. La memoria del tiempo: La experiencia del tiempo y del espacio en Los recuerdos del porvenir de Elena Garro. Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Investigaciones Filológicas: Ediciones Coyoacán, S.A. de C.V., 2004.
Melgar-Palacios, Lucía, and Gabriela Mora, editors. Elena Garro: Lectura múltiple de una personalidad complejas. Puebla: Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Dirección General de Fomento Editorial, 2002.
Rosas Lopátegui, Patricia. Testimonios sobre Elena Garro: Biografía exclusiva y autorizada de Elena Garro. Monterrey: Ediciones Castillo, 2002.
Winkler, Julie A. Light into Shadow: Marginality and Alienation in the Work of Elena Garro. New York: P. Lang, 2001.
"Garro, Elena (1920–1998)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 22, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/garro-elena-1920-1998
"Garro, Elena (1920–1998)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved January 22, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/garro-elena-1920-1998
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.