Caroline of Naples (1798–1870)

Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article Share Article
views updated

Caroline of Naples (1798–1870)

Duchess of Berry. Name variations: Caroline Ferdinande Louise of Naples; Caroline of Naples; Marie Caroline Ferdinande Louise of Naples; Maria Carolina de Bourbon; Marie-Caroline de Bourbon-Sicile; duchesse de Berry; princess of the Two Sicilies. Born Marie Caroline Ferdinande Louise on November 5, 1798; died on April 17, 1870; daughter of Francis I, king of Two Sicilies (r. 1825–1830) and Maria Clementina of Austria (1777–1801); married Charles Ferdinand (1778–1820), duke of Berry (second son of Charles X, king of France); married Ettore, count Lucchesi-Palli, in 1831; children: (first marriage) Louise of Bourbon-Berry (1819–1864), duchess of Parma; Henry V (1820–1883), duke of Bordeaux and count of Chambord (who married Therese [1817–1886]); (second marriage) Clementina de Campofranco (b. 1835).

Charles Ferdinand, son of Charles X, king of France, lived in exile in England from 1789 to 1814 where he married Anna Brown (d. 1876) in 1806. When Brown's family refused to acknowledge the marriage, he returned to France in 1814 and married Caroline of Naples two years later. Charles Ferdinand was assassinated in Paris on February 13, 1820. In 1832, Caroline promoted an unsuccessful attempt at revolution in favor of her son Henry, count of Chambord, in 1832. Henry was proclaimed Henry V, king of France, by Legitimists but was compelled to live in exile in Lower Austria.