Queen of Greece and princess of Oldenburg. Name variations: Amalia. Born Marie Friederike Amalie onDecember 21, 1818; died on May 20, 1875; eldest daughter of Grand Duke Augustus of Oldenburg and Adelheid of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg (b. 1800); married Otho also known as Otto I (1815–1867), king of Greece (r. 1833–1862, deposed), on November 22, 1836.
Amalie, princess of Oldenburg, and her husband King Otto I were unpopular during their reign. Taxation, the king's attempt to establish a central bureaucratic system, his use of German advisors, and the queen's interference contributed to their unpopularity. The 17-year-old Otto had been imposed as King of the Hellenes by the London Conference in 1832, when the Greeks were given their independence. After an uprising forced Otto to grant Greece a constitution and a bicameral parliament in 1843, the couple was deposed by a revolutionary government in October 1862.