Skip to main content

Gebara, Ivone (1944–)

Gebara, Ivone (1944–)

Brazilian theologian, author and educator. Born Dec 9, 1944, in São Paulo, Brazil; Pontifícia Catholic University of São Paulo, doctorate in philosophy (1975); Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium, doctorate in religious sciences (1998).

Feminist theologian and ecofeminist whose work addresses questions of social inequality for women and poor in Latin America, joined Augustinian Congregation of Sisters of Our Lady (1967); influenced by liberation theology and affected by growing strength of conservative forces in Catholic Church as progressive trends weakened; became active teacher and researcher, teaching philosophy and theology for 17 years at Theological Institute of Recife until its closing (1989); worked for 12 years at Department of Research and Assistance, which specialized in theological training of alternative, grassroots ministries; lives and works (since 1973) in lower-income community in northeastern Brazil, providing assistance to poor while continuing scholarly and activist work; believes that church must address social justice and ecology; presents practical guidelines for antiracist, antisexist, antielitist ecofeminist struggle; has taught, consulted and lectured worldwide and on Brazilian radio. Writings include Teologia a ritmo de mulher (Theology for Women, 1995), Teologia ecofeminista: Ensaio para repensar o conhecimento e a religião (Ecofeminist Theology: Rethinking Knowledge and Religion, 1997), Le mal au féminin: Réflexions théologiques à partir du féminisme (The Female Evil: Theological Reflections Based on Feminism, 1999) and Longing for Running Waters (1999).

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Gebara, Ivone (1944–)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Gebara, Ivone (1944–)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gebara-ivone-1944

"Gebara, Ivone (1944–)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Retrieved September 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gebara-ivone-1944

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.