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Faro (town, Portugal)

Faro (fä´rō), town (1991 pop. 31,966), capital of Faro dist. and of Algarve, S Portugal. The southernmost town in Portugal, it is a seaport from which fish, fruit (especially dried figs), wine, and cork are exported. Tourism now dominates the economy. Important under the Moors, it was retaken in 1249.

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faro (card game)

faro (fâr´ō) [for Pharaoh, from an old French card design], gambling game played with a pack of 52 cards. First played in France and England, faro was especially popular in U.S. gambling houses in the 19th cent. Players bet against a banker (dealer), who draws two cards–one that wins and another that loses–from the deck (or from a dealing box) to complete a turn. Bets–on which card will win or lose– are placed on each turn.

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faro

faro gambling card-game. XVIII. sp. of †Pharaoh, var. of †Pharaon — F. pharaon, title of the kings of ancient Egypt, which is said to have been applied orig. to the king of hearts in the game.

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faro

far·o / ˈferō/ • n. a gambling card game in which players bet on the order in which the cards will appear.

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Faro

Faroarrow, barrow, farrow, harrow, Jarrow, marrow, narrow, sparrow, taro, tarot, Varro, yarrow •gabbro • Avogadro • Afro • aggro •macro • cilantro • Castro •wheelbarrow •Faro, Kilimanjaro, Pissarro, Pizarro, Tupamaro •Pedro • allegro • hedgerow • velcro •escrow •metro, retro •electro • Jethro •bolero, caballero, dinero, Faeroe, pharaoh, ranchero, sombrero, torero •scarecrow • Ebro •Montenegro, Negro •repro • in vitroPyrrho • synchro •windrow • impro • intro • bistro •Babygro • McEnroe •biro, Cairo, giro, gyro, tyro •fibro • micro • maestro •borrow, Corot, morrow, sorrow, tomorrow •cockcrow • cointreau •Moro, Sapporo, Thoreau •Mindoro • Yamoussoukro •Woodrow •burro, burrow, furrow •upthrow •De Niro, hero, Nero, Pierrot, Pinero, Rio de Janeiro, sub-zero, zero •bureau, chiaroscuro, Douro, enduro, euro, Ishiguro, Oruro, Truro •Politburo • guacharo • Diderot •vigoro • Prospero • Cicero • in utero •Devereux • Jivaro • overthrow

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Faro

FARO

FARO , city in S. Portugal, Algrave province. Jews were organized there as a community in the 15th century. The first book to be printed in Portugal, the Hebrew Pentateuch, in square type and vocalized, was published in Faro in 1487 by Don Samuel Porteira (see *Incunabula). By 1494 (or 1496?) the Porteiras had printed at least 14 Talmud tractates, of which fragments only have survived. At the expulsion from Portugal in 1497 David Porteira went to Pesaro (Italy) where he continued printing Talmud tractates. Traces of the Farense type can also be found in Fez. Members of a Faro family (Marranos?) lived in Bayonne, London, Dublin, and Jamaica in the 17th and 18th centuries. At the beginning of the 19th century Jews again settled in Faro; a cemetery was opened in 1820, and a synagogue in 1850. Early in the 20th century the community comprised about 50 families. In 1970 there were no more than five Jews living in the whole province, and the two synagogues were in disuse.

bibliography:

M. Kayserling, Geschichte der Juden in Portugal (1867), index; J. Mendes dos Remedios, Os judeus em Portugal (1895), index; S. Seligmann, in: zhb, 12 (1908), 16–19; M.B. Amzalak,Tipografia Hebraica em Portugal… (1922), 19–21; J. Bloch, in: Bulletin of the New York Public Library, 42 (1938), 26ff. add. bibliography: J.F. Mascarenhas, Dos documentos arqueológicos recentemente achados sobre os judeus no Algarve, (1980); J.M. Abecassis, in: Anais do Municipio de Faro; Boletim Cultural, 15 (1985), 45–74; idem, in: Memórias da Academia das Ciéncias de Lisboa, 25 (1986), 439–534; A. Iria, in: Memórias da Academia das Ciéncias, 25 (1986), 293–438.

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