Brontë, Emily: Further Reading

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Barclay, Janet M. Emily Brontë Criticism 1900-1982: An Annotated Checklist. Westport, Conn.: Meckler, 1984, 162 p.

Provides an annotated list of writings on Emily Brontë.

Crump, Rebecca W. Charlotte and Emily Brontë: A Reference Guide. 3 vols. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1982.

Provides critical sources from 1846-1983.

Stoneman, Patsy. "Feminist Criticism of Wuthering Heights." Critical Survey 4, no. 2 (1992): 147-53.

Surveys modern criticism on Wuthering Heights applying feminist literary theory and addressing gender issues.


Grin, Winifred. Emily Brontë Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971, 290 p.

Offers a scholarly biography that attempts to clarify the myths about Brontë's personality.


Apter, T. E. "Romanticism and Romantic Love in Wuthering Heights." In The Art of Emily Brontë, edited by Anne Smith, pp. 205-22. London: Vision Press, 1976.

Contends that Cathy and Hareton's relationship presents an alternative model to the destructive, Romantic love of Catherine and Heathcliff.

Barreca, Regina. "The Power of Excommunication: Sex and the Feminine Text in Wuthering Heights." In Sex and Death in Victorian Literature, pp. 227-40. London: Macmillan Press, 1990.

Argues that the female characters in Wuthering Heights assert their power over the patriarchal system by creating and shaping the text.

Davies, Stevie. Emily Brontë: The Artist as a Free Woman. Manchester: Carcanet, 1983, 170 p.

Traces Brontë's artistic development as revealed in her life and works; emphasizes her uniquely independent environment as a source for her unusual perspective on love and womanhood.

Eagleton, Terry. Myths of Power: A Marxist Study of the Brontës. London: Macmillan, 1975, 148 p.

Takes a Marxist literary approach to interpreting the Brontës' work.

Gilbert, Sandra M. and Susan Gubar. "Looking Oppositely: Emily Brontë's Bible of Hell." In The Madwoman in the Attic: The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth-Century Literary Imagination, pp. 248-308. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1979.

Reads Wuthering Heights as a myth of the origins of Victorian women's culture; from a seminal work of feminist literary criticism.

Gold, Linda. "Catherine Earnshaw: Mother and Daughter." English Journal 74, no. 3 (March 1985): 68-73.

Discusses Catherine Earnshaw's maturation in the novel in terms of Freud's theory of the development of personality.

Gorsky, Susan Rubinow. "'I'll Cry Myself Sick': Illness in Wuthering Heights." Literature and Medicine 18, no. 2 (fall 1999): 173-91.

Addresses the theme of illness as it relates to women and gender issues in the novel.

Homans, Margaret. "Emily Brontë." In Women Writers and Poetic Identity: Dorothy Wordsworth, Emily Brontë, and Emily Dickinson, pp. 104-61. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980.

Investigates the challenges that Brontë faced in establishing her identity as a writer.

Leavis, Q. D. "A Fresh Approach to Wuthering Heights." In Lectures in America, pp. 85-138. New York: Random House, 1969.

Points to Brontë's treatment of Catherine Earnshaw as evidence of the realistic nature and moral responsibility of the novel.

Lenta, Margaret. "Capitalism or Patriarchy and Immortal Love: A Study of Wuthering Heights." Theoria 42 (May 1984): 63-76.

Examines the social forces that shape the relationship between Heathcliff and Catherine.

Mass, Michelle A. "'He's More Myself Than I Am': Narcissism and Gender in Wuthering Heights." In Psychoanalyses/Feminisms, edited by Peter L. Rudnytsky and Andrew M. Gordon, pp. 135-53. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2000.

Discusses the relationship between narcissism and women's agency, applying models of modern literary criticism.

McKinstry, Susan Jaret. "Desire's Dreams: Power and Passion in Wuthering Heights." College Literature 12, no. 2 (spring 1985): 141-46.

Interprets Wuthering Heights as a celebration of the power of desire to overthrow the obstacles to love and fulfillment.

Mermin, Dorothy. "The Damsel, the Knight, and the Victorian Woman Poet." Critical Inquiry 13, no. 1 (autumn 1986): 64-80.

Compares poetry by women authors including Brontë, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Christina Rossetti, and Emily Dickinson.

Meyer, Susan. Imperialism at Home: Race and Victorian Women's Fiction. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1996, 220 p.

Examines the treatment of race and colonialism in Wuthering Heights.

Moser, Thomas. "What is the Matter with Emily Jane? Conflicting Impulses in Wuthering Heights." Nineteenth-Century Fiction 17, no. 1 (June 1962): 1-19.

Applies Freudian literary theory to Brontë's novel, focusing on Heathcliff's role as the embodiment of sexual energy that is the driving force of the work.

Parker, Patricia. "The (Self)-Identity of the Literary Text: Property, Propriety, Proper Place, and Proper Name in Wuthering Heights." In Identity of the Literary Text, edited by Mario J. Valds and Owen Miller, pp. 92-116. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1985.

Discusses Brontë's disruption of chronology and the impossibility of a linear reading of Wuthering Heights.

Ratchford, Fannie E. The Brontës' Web of Childhood. New York: Columbia University Press, 1941, 293 p.

Examines the Brontës' juvenilia, including Emily Brontë's Gondal poetry; a pioneering study of the Brontë's childhood works.

Sanger, Charles Percy. The Structure of Wuthering Heights. London: Hogarth Press, 1926, 23 p.

Contends that Wuthering Heights contains painstaking execution and prose craftsmanship.

Van Ghent, Dorothy. "The Window Figure and the Two-Children Figure in 'Wuthering Heights.'" Nineteenth-Century Fiction 7, no. 3 (December 1952): 189-97.

Studies two recurring images in Wuthering Heights as metaphors for doubleness and otherness.

Visick, Mary. The Genesis of Wuthering Heights. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 1965, 88 p.

Studies the relationship between Wuthering Heights and the Gondal poems.

Wion, Philip K. "The Absent Mother in Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights." American Imago 42, no. 2 (summer 1985): 143-64.

Employs psychological theories about the mother-child relationship to examine conflicts involving separation and unity in Wuthering Heights.

Yaeger, Patricia. "Wuthering Heights and the Woman's Novel." Genre 21, no. 2 (summer 1988): 203-229.

Examines the use of comedy, violence, and narrative and generic styles in nineteenth-century women's novels, using Wuthering Heights as a representative example.


Additional coverage of Brontë's life and career is contained in the following sources published by the Gale Group: Authors and Artists for Young Adults, Vol. 17; Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction: Biography and Resources, Vol. 1; Beacham's Guide to Literature for Young Adults, Vol. 3; British Writers, Vol. 5; British Writers: The Classics, Vol. 1; British Writers Retrospective Supplement, Vol. 1; Concise Dictionary of British Literary Biography 1832-1890; Dictionary of Literary Biography, Vols. 21, 32, 199; DISCovering Authors; DISCovering Authors: British Edition; DISCovering Authors: Canadian Edition; Discovering Authors Modules: Most-studied Authors, Novelists and Poets; DISCovering Authors 3.0; Exploring Novels; Literature and Its Times, Vol. 1; Literature Resource Center; Nineteenth-Century Literature Criticism, Vols. 16, 35; Poetry Criticism, Vol. 8; Twayne's English Authors; World Literature and Its Times, Vol. 3; and World Literature Criticism.

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Brontë, Emily: Further Reading

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