The Urban Question
None of these more recent approaches has attained the degree of intellectual dominance formerly exercised by the Chicago School (although the influence of neo-Marxism is still substantial). However, they have resulted in extensive research (frequently of an interdisciplinary nature) on topics as diverse as the political economy of urban and regional development, urban politics, and social movements, and the relationship between space and the social structure (see D. T. Herbert and and D. M. Smith , Social Problems and the City, 1989
). Much of this literature has informed more general sociological concerns, such as social stratification, collective social action, and the distribution of power. While the search for a theoretically delimited urban sociology has failed, urban social research contributes substantially to sociology, and indeed other social sciences. See also BUSINESS IMPROVEMENT DISTRICTS; COMMUNITY STUDIES; PARK, ROBERT; SUBURBANISM; URBAN ECOLOGY.
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