), it is largely alien territory to American and British sociologists, mainly because of its strongly philosophical character. Gurvitch described his approach as ‘hyper-empiric dialectics’ (the dialectical method grounded in reality), and was critical of Hegel and Marx for recognizing only one form of dialectics (polarization and then synthesis of opposites), whereas he claimed to have identified five: complementarity (in which two apparently distinct elements are part of a larger whole); mutual involvement, in which elements interpenetrate each other; ambiguity and ambivalence, where there is both attraction and repulsion; polarization of opposites (as in the Hegelian dialectic); and reciprocity of perspectives, or differentiation between parallel manifestations of the same elements.
"Gurvitch, Georges." A Dictionary of Sociology. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 16, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gurvitch-georges
"Gurvitch, Georges." A Dictionary of Sociology. . Retrieved August 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gurvitch-georges