The presumed breakdown of traditional communities in urban societies was a powerful theme in the work of Auguste Comte, Frédéric Le Play, and Émile Durkheim. More specifically, anti-urbanism affected the development of rural and urban sociology: Ferdinand Tönnies's suggestion that cities were prime locations for Gesellschaftlich (instrumental and associational) social relations was developed by Georg Simmel (The Metropolis and Mental Life, 1903), whose work strongly influenced the Chicago urban sociologists.
Contemporary sociology largely rejects anti-urbanism. It is now generally recognized that the growth of cities, and the varied forms of social association occurring within them, are both consequences of the emergence of modern industrial societies. The city, in other words, is ‘a mirror of … history, class structure and culture’ ( R. Glass , Clichés of Urban Doom, 1989)
. See also COMMUNITY STUDIES.
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